Skin: and being taken inwardly to one dram, it provokes Urine, and prevails against the Dropsie.

XVI. The Spirit. It comforts the Head, Stomach, Heart and Womb, resists Poiibn, and the Plague, expels Wind, and gives ease in Pains and Stitches of the Side. Dose one spoonful.

XVII. The fixed Salt. It provokes Urine powerfully, and expels Sand, Gravel, and other Tartarous matter from the Reins, Ureters and Bladder : it powerfully opens and cleanses, and given from a icruple ro half a dram, or mere, in a spoonful ot Juice of Limons, it stops Vomiting, and admirably strengthens the Stomach.

XVIII. The green Leaves. Dioscorides and Galen both say, that the Leaves being applied with Honey (I suppose in form of a Cataplaim) to running Sores or Ulcers, do cleanse them.


1. 'τλ The Names. It is called in Greek, ΔαΛ©- ·

J_ In Arabic k, Dauco, and Giezar : In Latin also Daucus, Daucum, and Daucium, and Daucus Creticus : In Englifi, Daucus, and Dauke, and Candy Carrots.

II. The Kinds. Parkinson makes iixteen kinds of Daucus" s, many of which are nothing to our pur pofe : Those which we are chiefly to treat of in this Chapter, are the Candy or Crctick Kinds, which Dioscorides makes to be three, viz. ι. Daucus Creticus verus Dwfcoridis, The true Daucus of Candy.

2. Daucus Se/moides, The Parsley Leav'd Daucus.

3. Daucus Coriandri fo/iis, Daucus tertius Diofcori-dis Bello, Coriander Leav'd Daucus, or Bel/us his third Daucus οϊ' Dioscorides. 4. To these we think good to add a second kind of the Daucus Se/inoides, which is Daucus Se/inoides maxima, The greatest Parsley Leav'd Daucus.

III. The Descriptions. The True Daucus bat a

R. ot small, long, and white ( lesser says Gerard, than t!>e Root of a Par/nip, which is of a fragrant smell, and almofi as quick and sharp in Taste as the Seed, bat id 11 not abide our Winters here in England, with all t}>e skill we can use, so that we are forced to fow

it anew eve/y Tear. Prom this Root rise up several Stalks of 11 inged Leaves, as finely cut as tenne/, but shorter, set at distances one against another, of a whitish or hoary color, fuelling a lit tie sweet. prom among which rise up divers slender Branches or Stalks a foot high, bearing at their Tops Jmall Umbles of white Flowers, and after them Jmall hoary grayish Seed, somewhat long and round, and of a sharp or p&A Smell and Taste.

IV. lie second Daucus has a Root somewhat great, thick, long and white, with a bufh oj hairs at the Head, as many other Umbelijerous Plants have, and of a hot and sharp taste, as tie Seed also is ; from whence rise up large Stalks of somewhat broad pale green Leaves, bigger than Parjley, and with dtvi-fions of the same fjjhion and manner, next the ground: And also large Stalks almost two feet high, with the like Leaves at the Joints, but shorter; and at the tops fpokie rundles of white Flowers, which turn into long crefted Seed, bigger than ordinary Fennel Seed, and of a yellow brown color.

V. The third Daucus of Dioscorides, according to Honorius Bellus his account, has a Root great, thick and short, perishing yearly. The whole Plant is Aromatical, and both Root and Leaf are eaten by the Cretians as a common Sallet Herb. From this Root JPring several Stalks of fine cut Leaves, not much unlike to the Leaves of Coriander, but lesser and thicker. The Stalks are near two Yeet high, with great and fwollen Joints, ( and therejore called by some Sefcli nodofom, knotted Hart wort, but by Bauhinus, Daucus Criticus nodofus Umbella lutea) and smaller Leaves at them, at the tops whereof grow yellow Umbles of Flowers ( but white with us in England ) which being past away, there comes much Seed, larger than that of Fennel.

VI. The fourth Daucus, which is the large or large ft kind of the Parsley Leaved, has a Root sometimes as large as ones Arm, or being young, of the bigness of ones Thumb, parted into several Branches at the bottom, and covered with a rugged black Bark, of a Viscous taste at the first, but sharp afterwards, so as to cauje spitting, having at the top many hairy

Heads, from whence come several very large, and great Winged Leaves, much divided and dented about the edges, muchwhat like the last, but bigger, and of a pale or faint green color, a little jhining on the upper side, and of a greyish ajh-color underneath. Among these Leaves rises up, a large, great, crefted Stalk, of a Yingers thickness, with some Joints, and Leaves at the Joints, and with Branches also between them : at the tops whereojft and small Umbles of whitijh Flowers, and somewhat like Seed to the second kind, but larger.

VII. The Places. Candia is the Natural place of their Growth, but with us in England they are only nourished up in Gardens. The first has been found upon several Mountains of Germany; and upon the Hills and Rocks of Jura near Geneva, from whence it has been tranfported into several of our more Northern Regions.

V HI. The Times. They flower in June and Juty> fome earlier, some later; and their Seed is ripe n August; fome of it ripening in the time of flowering.

IX. The Qualities. The Seed and Roots are hot and dry in the third Degree the Herb furcely exceeds the second Degree of heat, and therefore lS less powerful. They are Aperitive, Attractive, V' geftive. Carminative, Diuretick, Cephalick, Stomatick, Nephritick, Hysterick, Lithonrrtptick, Alterative, Alexipharmick and Spermatogenetick.

X. The Specification. It is chiefly dedicated «> the Strangury, Stone, and stoppage of Urine. .

XI. The Preparations. You may make hereof

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


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