1. .4 liquid Juke of the Herb and Root. 2. An Essence of the same. 3. A Pouder of the Seed. 4. An Infusion of the Seed. A Decoction of Seed or Root, or both. 6. A Cataplasm of the Herb and Root. 7. A Difiilied Water. 8. A Spirituous Tincture. 9. An Acid Tincture. 10. An Oily Tincture. 11. A Saline Tincture. 12. A Spirit. 1$*Α distilled Oil. 14. Potestates or Powers. 1$. An Elixir. 16. A Salt.

The Virtues*

XII. The liquid Juice of the Herb and Root. It helps the Strangury, provokes Urine, and the Terms, and expels both Birth and After-birth, and is good tor those who have been bitten by the Phalangium, ur anv other Venomous Beast. Dole four spoonfuls iri Wine.

XI u. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the liquid Juice, and is stronger, finer, and a much more noble Medicine: Ic prevails against Vapors and Hy-iterick fits, as also the malignity of the Plague, or Pestilence. Dole one or two ounces in generous Wine, Morning and Night, or three or four times a Day, as the necelfity or extremity may require.

XIV. The Pouder of the Seed. This ( according to Authors) has that powerful heat in it, that it becomes a principal Medicine to help the Strangury, to ease the pain, and remove all Itoppages of Urine. It provokes the Terms, facilitates the Delivery, and brings away the Dead Child, and Afterbirth, and helps Vapors and Hysterick Fits. Dose one dram, to one dram and half, in a Glass of White Port Wine, Morning and Night, and in time of a Paroxyfm.

XV. The Infusion of the Seed in Wine. It has all the Virtues of the Pouder, but I fear not full out so effectual. Dose half a Pint, Morning, Noon, and Night.

XVI. The Decoction of Seed, or Root, or both. It ought to be made in White Port Wine, and so given to drink, rwo, three or four times a day, half a Pint at a time ; It has the Virrues both of the Essence, and Pouder of the Seed ^ and a most famous thing against the Plague, the Patient being put to Bed, well covered, and so made to Sweat upon it.

XVII. The Cataplasm. The Herb, but more especially the Roots made into a Cataplasm, by beating in a Mortar, and so mixed with Hogs Lard, and applied, does ease, discusses, or affwage Tumors or Swellings in any part. Made into a Mixture or Cataplaim with Honey, and applied to the Throat, it eases an Inveterate Cough.

XVIII. The Distilled XVater. It prevails against Stone, Gravel, Sand, Strangury, and all itoppages of Urine, but is Aveak, in refpecF to the Juice, Essence, and other more noble Preparations of the Plant, and therefore is only used as a Vehicle to convey other Preparations of the same in.

XIX. The Spirituous Tincture. It is an excellent thing against the Plague or Pestilence, and against all other malign fevers, as Purples, Spotted Fever, Mealies, Small Pox, and Fevers derived from the bitings of Serpents, as Vipers, Rattle Snakes, and others of like kind : It provokes Sweat gently, and desends the Heart after an admirable manner* Dose two, three, or four drams in the Distilled Water, or rather in Wine, or some other fit Vehicle.

^XX. The Acid Tincture. It has all the Virtues of the Spirituous Tincture, and if the Fever is very high or intenfe, is much the better Medicament; f elides the Acid, destroys the Malignity much more powerfully. Dose to one dram, or more, in the Distilled Water.

XXI. The Oily 1 intture. In an extremity or The Strangury this is the most powerful Preparation, being given to thirty drops, or more, in a Glass of White Port Wine : It is powerful to discusses Griping Pains, and Torments of the Bowels, to facilitate the Birth, and bring away the Dead Child: It eases Convulsions, and heals Wounds in the Body or Bowels.

XXII. The Saline Tincture. It cleanses the Reins and Urinary Paifages, being taken to one dram, or more, in White Wine; but heals not like the Oily TincFure. It digests humors, and provokes Urine; and the Terms in Women.

XXIII. The Distilled Oil of the Seed. It has all the Virtues of the Juice, ElTence,Pouder of the Seed, Deception, Spirituous, Acid, and Oily Tinctures : and therefore may be given from eight drops to fixteen., being first dropt into Sugar, and then mixed with the Distilled Water, or lome other fit Vehicle : It helps the Strangury upon the spot, cleanses the Reins of all Tartarous Matters, and all other the Urinary Parts, provokes the Terms, refills Vapors, and Hysterick Fits, eases the Cholick, produces the Birth, expels watry Humors in Dropsies, and refills the Poison of Mad Dogs, or any other Venomous Creature and cures intolerable Pains of the Stomach proceeding from Cold, Weakness, and other like difaffections.

XXIV. The Potestates or Powers. They have all the Virtues of the oil, and are also more fubtil and penetrating, and more pleasant to be taken, being more easily mixed with Wine, or any other potable Liquor. Dose from two to four drams.

XXV. The Elixir. This is yet more excellent and noble than the Powers, being the Tincture of the Seed or Root extracted by the fublimity of the Potestates; by which you have all the noble parts of the Plant concentrated in one Medicament: and so has all the Virtues of the Juice, Essence, Pouder, Tinctures, Oil, and Potestates, in the highest exaltation. Dole one dram to two drams in a Glass of Wine, Morning and Evening.

XXVI. The fixed Salt. It is strongly Diuretick, strengthens the Stomach, being given in the Acid Tin£ture, mixed with the Distilled Water, or some other fit Vehiculum. Being taken for some time in' White Port Wine, it destroys all Preternatural Acids, in what part of the Body soever, and dif folves the Stone, if it is of a gritty, friable, or brittle substance. The Dose is from a scruple to half a dram, or two scruples, Morning and Evening.


ΐ.'τΓ* HE Names> It is called in Arabick, Karvia^ JL Karavia, and Carvi: In Greek, κ*?©-: In Latin, Carum-, also Carui, as the Apothecaries call it : Simon Sethi calls it Carnabadion : It took its name from the Countrey of Carta, from whence it came: Some call hCareum, fome Carvum, as in the Shops : and in English, Caraway.

II. The Kinds. We shall here enumerate but two Kinds, I. Car urn Vulgare, our Ordinary or Common Caraway. 2. Carum pratenfe, Meadow Caraway. , ..

III. The Descriptions. The first has aRootwh-tift, Jmall, and long, somewhat like unto a Ρarfnep, but with a mere wrinkled Bark, and much less having a little hot, and quick taste, stronger than a Parsnep,

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


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