This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.

both Choler and Flegm, but it purges Flegm more manifestly than Choler. It wonderfully helps the Obstructions of the Liver and Spleen, and therefore is excellent against the Dropsie and Yellow Jaundice, and stubborn Agues, which come from plenty of Evil Humors. You may fteep 6,7, 8, or 9, of the Leaves in Wine for one Dole, according as the Age and Strength of the Patient may be, and repeat it twice or thrice a Week.

XII. The Infusion. Made of the Leaves in Mead Or Whey, with the Addition of iome Spikenard to Correct it, it performs all that the Wine doth, and is very effectual for those that are afflicted with a Sciatica, and other like Pains of the Joints.

XIII. The Decoction. Made in Whey, Mead, or Wine, of the Leaves, adding also a little Mace, Cinnamon, or Spikenard, by Boiling, which ought not to be much, because then the Virtue will be loft it mightily prevails against Quotidian, Tertian and Quartan Agues, and performs all that the Wine, or Infusion can do: this may be given every other day, anointing also the Back Bone and Soles of the Feet with the following Oil. Now here is to be noted, that in making this Decoction, the Liquor in which the Leaves are put, ought first to boil, that they may not remain long in the Decoction, because of lofing their Virtue, as aforesaid.

XIV. The ExtraS. Made of the Roots, being Green, and beaten into a Mafs, and the Juice Extracted with Wine, till the whole Virtue is drawn sorth, and then evaporated to the due thickness of an Extract. Being thus made, it will keep all the Year, and is more lafe than the simple Pouder of the Root ·, and may be given from xv. grains to half a dram. But Schroder has an AlcalTfate Ex-trad, which is called also Qoagulum Afari, thus made. 5* Take Roots and heaves of Afarum, ex-trad a strong Tinilure with Spirit of Wine redified, which filter through brown Paper, to which add the sixed Salt of the Afhes, made by elixiviation, and calcined again, even to melting ·, digest a while, then abflracl the Spirit, till the Extracl becomes of the thickness of fioney. Dose from j.fcruple to iij.fcru-ples. It may be given against the Bitings of Serpents, and mad Dogs, King's Evil, Afthma's, Quartans, Worms in Children, and in any of the Cases which the Pouder of the Roots, or Wine, Infusion or Decoction of the Leaves, are intended for.

XV. The Essence. It is a good Emetick and Ca-thartick, but vgorks not ib strongly Upwards as the simple Juice, or the former Pouders, Wine, Infusions, or Decoctions ^ and after it has done working, it commonly provokes Sweat powerfully, expelling the Relicks of the Disease that way. Dose Horn j. dram to ij. or iij. drams in Wine or Mead, as the Patient is in Age and Strength.

XVI The Eleduary. You may see the Preparation of it in our London Difpenfatory, lib. 4. cap. 22. feci. 9J. It may be given from ij. drams to iv. to evacuate by Vomit all sorts of Humors from the Stomach, and Parts adjacent : 'tis so gentfe that Aged People, and Women with Child may safely take it give it in Mead or Wine.

XVII. The Saline Tincture. It is Extracted from the green, or fresh gathered Roots and Herbs. This works more by Urine and Sweat, and is gentler than many of the other Preparations. Dose from i. dram to ij. drams h it carries off the Morbifick Matter of many inveterate Diseases, as the Dropsie, Jaundice, Gout, Sciatica, King's Evil, Agues, Cachexies, Green-sickness, Apoplexies, Lethargies, Megrims, Surfeits, ©V. by all the ways, as Vomit, Stool, Urine and Sweat. The Head waified or Bathed therewith, comforts the Brain and Nerves,

which are difaffected with taking Cold, and strengthens a weak Memory.

XVIII. The Oil by Infalution. The Herb and Roots' well Bruised, and put into a sufficient quantity of Oil, with the addition of j. ounce oiLoidanum, to every pound of Oil h and infolated for two Months in a hot Sun, then preifed sorth; ( for want of a hot Sun, a Sand heat may do better, which will be continually Night and Day the fame.) This Oil warm, being anointed upon all the Back, from the Neck to the Hips,r as also upon the Soles of the Feet, in a warm Bed, it provokes Sweating ·, and being upon the accefs of an Ague, it prevents the cold and fhaking Fit, and thereby cures those who have been long afflicted with Quotidians, Tertians or Quartans ; it is good also against Cramps, and other dif affections of the Sinews, and an old Cough.

XIX. The Cataplasm. The Leaves bruiied, and applied as a Cataplasm, to the Forehead and Temples, eases the Head-ach, and causes Sleep: and applied to the Eyes, it tikes away their Inflammation. ,

XX. The Juice. The common use of this Herb is, to take the Juice of $, 6, or 7 Leaves ( according to the Age and Strength of the Patient )"an*d to mix it with a small draught of Ale, Mead or Wine, and so drink it to cause Vomiting. It works very strongly, cures Surfeits, and has all the Virtues of the Pouder of the Root, Wine, Infusion, Decoction, Extract, or Essence. Mixed with a little Tutia prepared, and dropt into the Eyes, it clears the Eye-sight, and helps the Dirnnels and Mists, which are often before them.

XXI. The Conserve, Made of the Flowers, with refined Sugar or Honey. This being eaten is found by Experience to strengthen very much the Auditory Nerves, and to help difficulty of Hearing, Deaf-ness, and a bad Memory. Dose from j. dram to iv, drams, in the Morning Faffing.

ΧΧΠ. Nota. That most of the Preparations of this Plant are not to be given to Women with Child, for that through their violence, they cause Miscarriage.


I. *Tp HE Names. It is called in Greek,

A ayexopi in Latin, Afirina, Afarum Sylve-fire : in English, Bastard or Wild Afarabaeca. —

H. The Kinds. It is the second Species mentioned in Chap. 33. Seel. 2. aforegoing j and a singular Herb of the sort.

Πι. The Description. It has Roots long and /lender, creeping under the upper crust of the Earth, and not shooting deep down, having a somewhat sharp taste, and a little bitter withal 5 from whence spring forth Leaves, mlmoft like to our Garden Afarabaeca, but somewhat rounder, and rougher than they, flight* ly and unevenly indented about the edges, growing upon long slender hairy Foot-ftalks, yet is it but a low Plant, and creeping, as it were, upon the Ground. The Flowers grow near unto the Ground, like unto those of Cammomil, but much lesser, and wholhTeU low, as well the border of the Leaves, 'as the Thrum in the middle h but Gerard says, they are of a Meaty or Dufty Colour, and not unpleasant in Smell. Tha Plant Clusius thinks to be his Tnftilago Alpinafe-cunda*, but?dX^Monfays9thatby reason of


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