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This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


tnr+HE Names. It is called in Greek, 'Afx^, A ffgfffwncV) x) t^tif : In Latin, Arcium, Pro-fopium, Profopis, Personata, Lappa and Bardana, in Shops : In English, Burdock, and Clot Bur.

II. The Kinds. There are several Kinds hereof, "as, I. 'ΑξχΑοψ uii'ov, Lappa major, Bardana major vulgaris, The Common Burdock. 2. Lappa Virginians, The Virginian Burdock. 3. Lappa feu Bardana languinofis capitulis, The woolly headed Bur. 4. Bardana major Rofea, The Rofe Bur : Of all Which we shall treat in this Chapter. 6. Lappa minor five Xanthium, The small Burdock. 5. Pe-tafites, The Butter Bur, of which two last; in the two following Chapters.

Πι. The description. The Common Greater Burdock, has a Root great and thick, black on the out-side, and whitijh within, sweet and pleasant in taste at first, but something bitter afterwards : from whence spring forth many large, hard, green Leaves, somewhat like to the Butter-Bur, or Wild Dock, but more crumpled, and of a darker green color on the upper side, but greyish underneath : among which rise up hard and rough green Stalks, two or three feet high, with many Branches from them, having many the like, but lesser Leaves on them, bearing at their Tops several rough heads or burs, with crooked pointed Prickles, apt to stick on Cloths, or other things which they touch , out of the tops of each of which come forth many hard purplish threads, which are the flowers , which being faded and past, turn to Down in the Heads , and opening themselves, Jhed their Seed, which is gray iff, something like to the Knap-weeds, which together with the Wind, ir often

carried away, and many tunes falls down to the ground, in the place where it grows, by which it multiplies it self.

IV. The Virginian Kind, is a kind of the former, having like Roots ; but its Leaves are rounder and smaller: the Burrs are also smaller and harder, and furmfhed with very Jharp, crooked points, which stick very fa ft to every thing they lay hid on.

V. The woolly headed Bur. it differs little from the first, but only that the Leaves grow not altogether so great; and the heads being smaller, are woolly afl over, and the prickles not so sharp or flicking. Gerard says, that the Leaves and whole Plant are somewhat less than the first or common kind, and that the Heads are hairy or downy, but other wife like to it. Lobel calls this ArcFion Montanum, and Lappa minor Galeni >, but it is indeed the Lappa minor altera Matthioli.

VI. The Rofe Bur, differs little or nothing from the first kind, but in the head, which instead of the prickly Burs, has many small green Leaves, set together like a small Rofe Plantane, and not much prickly at their ends.

VII. The Places. The first of these grows plentifully with us every where, by Ditch sides, Water sides, Waft places, and High ways. The Virginian is found in Virginia, Maryland, New England, and in other Provinces upon that Coaft. The third is not so frequent with us, as is the first, yet I have found it in several places of England ; Lobel found it growing in Somerfet-Jhire, about three Miles from Bath, near the then House of Mr. John Colt: also in the High way leading from Draiton to Iver, two Miles from Colebrook. The laft grows not with us, but near Lipfwick in Germany.

VIII. The Times. They Head, Flower, and Seed in June, July and August ; the Seed being ripe in a few Weeks after the Flowers are gone.

IX. The Qualities. They are all cooling and drying in the first Degree ; yet Gerard says, that the Roots are moderately hot : They are Aftringenr, Difcuifive, Digestive, and Traumatick , Cephalick, Neurotick, Nephririck, and Hysterick j Alterative, and Alexipharmick.

X. The Specification. The Burdock is peculiar against the Poison of Serpents ·, and Obstructions of the Reins, Bladder and Womb.

XI. The Preparations: You may have hereof, 1. The Leaves. 2. The Juice. 3. The ε [J e nee. 4. The Saline Tincture. $. The Oily Tincture, 6. The Decoction. 7. A Pouder of the Root. 8. A Pouder of the Seed. 9. A Conserve of the Roots. 10. A mixture. 11. A Cataplasm. 12. A Salt.

The Virtues.

XII. The Leaves. Being applied either dry or green, they cool, moderately dry, and discusses withal, as Galen says ·, whereby they are good to heal old Sores and Ulcers, and help the Cramp, or ihrinking of the Sinews.

XIII. The Juice. The Juice of the Leaves mixt with Honey, provokes Urine, and takes away the Pains of the Bladder 3 and mixt with Wine, it is wonderfully good against the bitings of Serpents, Mad Dogs, and other Venomous Beasts. The Juice of the Root taken to the quantity of three or four ounces, and drank with a good draught of Ale, is an excellent thing against Wind, and coldness of the Stomach.

XIV. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the Juice, befides which it is excellent against Poison inwardly taken, and is good, being given Dieted-callv, against Venereal Diseases, as the Pox: Gonor-

' thxa,

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