This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
blackish on the out side, and whitish within, very tough and hard to break, whi/ft it is fresh and green, and as hard and tough as a horn when it is dried, thrufting it self down very deep into the ground, and fpreading it self likewife far about, every little piece, though cut off from the Stock, being apt to grow again, if it be left in the ground, From this Root it rises up, with divers tough woody twigs, two or three beet high, Jet at the Joints without order, with little roundish Leaves, sometimes more thin two or three at a place, of a dark green color, without thorns while they are young, but afterwards armed, or furnifhed with them in several places, the thorns being short but fhaip. The flowers come forth at the top of the Twigs and Branches, whereof it is full, in fashion much like to PEase or Broom-blossoms, but lesser, flatter, and somewhat closer, of a faint purplish color. Tf?ey being pafl away, there succeed small Pods or Cods, containing within them small, flat, and round Seed.
IV. The second Rest Harrow differs not from the former in the Root, Stalks, Branches, Thorns, nor in the Leaves, save that these are of a little fresher green color; but the chief difference is in the flowers, which are very white in some places more than in others in all other things they are alike.
V. The third, which is the Letter yellow prickly Rest Harrow with us (for the greater grows not in England ) has Thorns or Prickles thereon as the others : But the Plant is lower, and smaller, not rising little above half a feet high, not differing in any other great matter from the lafl.
VI. The fourth, which is the Purpliih Rest Harrow without Prickles, has no other difference in it from the first or Common Cammock, but in this, that it has no Tlwrns or Prickles upon the Sprigs or Branches, no not in the Autumn, or declining part of the Tear, when the other will be full of them. Of this Jort there is one also which beareth white flowers, which makes all the difference.
VII. The fifth and lafl has a Root which is long, tough, rough, and blackish, fpreading much about: from this Root Jpring forth several woody Twigs, very flexible and tough, branching forth on all sides, covered with a brownish red Bark, Jet pretty thick with Leaves, which are for the most part three standing together upon a long bootstalk, not much unlike to Trefoil, but somewhat Jmall, long, and narrow, with notches at the ends, much overfpread with a ftrcng Scented clamminess, which will Jiick so flaft to the Hands of these which touch them, especially in the heat of the lear, and in hot Countries, that it is difficult to get off again. At Tops of the Branches or Twigs, stand many Peaje-blcjfom-like flowers, of a fair yellow color, which being past away, there comes j orth small and long Cods, with a crooked point at the end of each, in which is contained small flat-tifh Seed: of this there is a lesser sort also another with a more reddish blower.
VIII. The Places. The first, second, and fourth grow in many places of England, both in Arable Land, and Wafte Grounds. The third, Lobel faith he found growing both about London and Briflol; but Ρarkinfon says, he never found it gtowing naturally. The fifth and last I found in several places of Florida, as in the Southern Provinces of Carolina. It also grows about Xarbone and Abnpeliere in France; as also in Spain and Portugal.
IX. The Times. Thev all flower about the beginning or middle of July, and the Seed is ripe in August.
&Tbe Qualities. Galen says, that the Root of Rest Harrow is hot in the third Degree h it is also drying, but seems not to exceed the lecond Degree: It is Abfterfive, Aperitive, astringent, Diuretick,
Traumatick, or Vulnerary Nephritick, Arthritick, and Alterative.
IX. The Specification. It is peculiar to destroy Vifcofity or Tartar in the Reins and Urinary parts, to open their Obstructions, and to cleanle them.
XII. The Preparations. You may have therefrom, i. A Decoction in Wine from the Bark φ the Root. 2. A Decoction in Vinegar from the same. 7,. A Pouder of the said Bark. 4. A DHIil/ed Water of the Roots. 5. A Spirituous Tincture. 6. An Acid Tincture. 7. An Oily Vinclure. 8. A Saline Tincture. The Bark of the Root is that in this Plant, which is chiefly used.
XIII. The Decoction in Wine. Take Rest Harrow Roots thin fliced, tour pounds : choice Canary a gallon : mix and put it into a Stone Pot, which let be close stopt, and let that Pot be put into a gentle boiling Balneo for twenty four hours; lb will you have a noble and pleasant Medicine to open Obstructions both of Liver and Spleen, as also of the Urinary parts, provoke Urine, and to break and dr;\e forth the Stone, as also Gravel and Sand out ot the Reins, Ureteis and Bladder : and also cures the Hemorrhoids or Piles.
XIV. The Decoction in Vinegar. Being gargled in the Mouth, it eases the Tooth-ach, more elpecially when it proceeds from Rheum ^ it also heals Cankers in Childrens Mouths, and other Running Sores, and Ulcers in the Gums, Mouth, and Throat, if they be thiee or four times a day gargled, and waiht therewith.
XV. The Pouder of the Bark of the Root. Parkinson says, it is good to provoke Urine when it is stopt, and to break and drive forth the Stone effectually, being taken to one or two drams in generous Wine. Mattbiolus says, that he knew divers freed from those Diseases, that used the laid Pouder in Wine tor many Days together. The said Pouder is also good to help the Hernia Carnosa, or Hefhy Rupture, which Helhy Carnosity it con-fumes by little and little, taking it coifhntly for ibme Months together : and this it has done when the Physicians and Chirurgions had given them over as defperate, or no other ways to be cured, but by Cutting, &c. being ftrewed upon the hard, callous brims or edges of Ulcers-, or if the said Pouder le mixed with Honey, or with any proper Ballam, and applied, it consumes the hardness, and causes the Ulcer to heal.
XVI. The Distilled Water of the Roots. To every pound of the Roots 11 iced, put a quart of Canary : digest sorty eight hours warm, then draw off the Water to dryness in a gentle Balneo. It is good for all the purposes aforelaid, and to cleanse the passages of the Urine, not lufferirg any Tartarous, Viscous or Clammy matter to gather together in those parts, 16 as "to harden, or become a Stone.
XVII. The Spirituous!)nUure. It is a very good Stomatick, and admirably strengthens the Bowels, ftopping Vomiting, and all sorts of fluxes thereof, as Diarhatas, Dyienteria's, Lienter'ufs, and the Hepatick flux : and although it purges, and cleanies the Urinary parts of any Preternatural Matter lodged in them, yet it stops and cures pissing of Blood, and speedily heals any Wound or Ulcer in those parts.
XVIII. The Acid Tincture. It is more Stomatick than the former, and an excellent Styptick ^ it stops spitting. of Blood, and heals Ulcers of the Lungs, if given in a proper Vehicle ; and by its Aperitive, Abfterfive. and Incisive power, it breaks to pieces,