This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
or diflblves Gritty Stones in the Reins or Bladder. Dose sixty or eighty drops, in Ale, Beer, or Wine.
XIX. The Oily Tincture. This is more excellent, if there is any Wound or Ulcer in the Reins or Bladder for many of those parts being Nervous ; this Homogene and Oily Body wonderfully comforts the Parts, gently cleanses them of all Foreign, Tartarous, Viscous, Clammy or Sharp Humors, palliates the Pain, and in some short time heals them. If there be no Wound or Ulcer, but only Obstructions, or a weakness in the Reins and Back, it effectually opens them, smoothly cleanses them, and makes the Patient Pifs free and eafie, and withal so strengthens the Back, and eases the Pains thereof, as if there had never been any such Weakness, or DifaffecFion there. Dole twenty drops in a Glass-of Wine.
XX. Tl.ie Saline Tincture. Being bathed upon any parts affected with Pimples, Scurf, Morphew, DandrifT, or other like Preternatural Eruptions of the Skin, it cleanses it, and takes them away. I was informed by a Gentlewoman who had used it tor some time, that it had taken away Tawniness, Sun-burnings, and Freckles, and cleared the Skin to admiration. Inwardly it is given to one dram in White Wine against Stone, Gravel, Sand, and other Obstructions of the Reins.
XXI. It is reported, that in former times the young Shoots, and tender Stalks, before they become prickly, were pickled up, to be eaten as a Sawce for Meat : and that they were wonderfully commended against a itinking Breath, and to take away the smell of Wine in such who had drunk tooj much.
L Η ε Names. They are called in Greek, by X Dioscorides and Tbeopbraftus, faytu ( from Λύχν©-, Lucerna, ) and Έλλυχρ/ορ, quafi Iucernae funiculus, for tliat in former times they used the Leaves of Campions in their Lamps, to burn instead of Weiks : they also called it 'A9aW©-, id eft, im-mortalis, quod diutius Venuftatem fuam ret met : In Latin, Lychnis, Lychnis Coronaria, Lychnis Sativa & Rofa Graca : In Englifl), Campions, and Rose Campions.
II. The Kinds. They are twofold, ι. ανχνκ «-φαναμανκη, Lychnis Coronaria, Lychnis Sativa vel Hortenjis, Garden Campions, of which in this Chapter. 2. Lychnis Sylvestris, Wild Campions, of which in the next Chapter. The Garden Kind, are, i. Single. 2. Double. The Single are, lychnis coronaria rubra simplex, The single red Rose Campion. 2. Lychnis coronaria alba simplex, The single white Rose Campion. 7,. Lychnis coronaria albescens, five incarnato maculata, & non maculat a simplex, The blulh Rose Campion, spotted and not lpotted. The Double, 4. Lychnis coronaria rubra Multiplex, The Double red Rose Campion.
< III. The Descriptions. The Single red Rose Campion, has a Root small, long, and woody, with many fibres annexed unto it, and oft times (hoots forth anew, and sometimes also dies and perishes. On the Lop of this Root, there are divers thick, hoary, or vooly, long, green Leaves, abiding green all the Winter-, from among which in the end of the Spring, or beginning of Summer, there fhoots forth two or three bard, round, woolly Stalks, with some Joints there-
on, and at every Joint two such like hoary grecti Leaves, a* those below, but smaller, diverUy branched at the Top, hoving one Ehwer upon each several long bootstalk, consisting of five Leaves, somewhat broad and round pointed, of a perfect Red, Crimfori color, standing out of a hard, long, round husk, ridged and ere fled in four or five places : After the blow* ers are fallen, there come up round hard heads, in which is contained small blackish Seed.