Alcohol Ammoniatum. Ammoniated Alcohol.


Ammoniated alcohol may be prepared by warming strong solution of ammonia, in a retort, to a temperature not exceeding 60°, cooling the gas produced in a condenser, washing it by passing it through a little alcohol, and then passing the washed gas into alcohol until the latter has increased in weight by about one-ninth. After estimation by titration with volumetric solution of sulphuric acid, the solution is diluted with alcohol until it contains 10 per cent. of ammonia. It occurs as a colourless liquid, smelling of ammonia. Specific gravity, 0.808 to 0.810.

Uses.—Ammoniated alcohol is used as a solvent in alkaloidal extractions. It is used for filling smelling-bottles, but a mixture of equal parts of alcohol and strong solution of ammonia, or 3 of alcohol and 1 of strong solution of ammonia, may also be employed; the larger proportion of alcohol prevents solution of the lumps of ammonium carbonate. It is also used in the preparation of paragons.

The British Pharmaceutical Codex, 1911, was published by direction of the Council of the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain.