Toddalia, I.C.A. Toddalia.
Related entries: Cusparia
Toddalia consists of the dried root bark of Toddalia aculeata, Pers. (N.O. Rutaceae), a shrub growing in India and Ceylon. The bark occurs in quilled pieces about 2.3 millimetres thick, longitudinally furrowed and wrinkled, and covered with a soft, yellowish periderm, which, on being scraped, discloses a bright yellow surface beneath, and below this a darker, brown layer. The inner surface is dark brown and granular; the fracture, brittle, the fractured surface exhibiting the outer yellow periderm, the brighter layer beneath, and an inner layer of brown phloem, in which oleoresin ducts are situated. The odour of the drug is aromatic; the taste, aromatic and bitter.
Constituents.—The chief constituents of the bark are a yellow resin, a bitter principle, and a volatile oil, green in colour, and having an odour resembling that of citron.
Action and Uses.—Toddalia is official in India and the Eastern Colonies. It is used as an aromatic bitter similarly to cusparia. An infusion and a concentrated solution are prepared.
- Infusum Toddaliae, I.C.A.—INFUSION OF TODDALIA.
- Toddalia, in No. 20 powder, 10; distilled water, boiling, 100. Infuse the drug in the water for fifteen minutes, in a covered vessel, and strain. Infusion of toddalia is official in India and the Eastern Colonies. Dose.—30 to 60 mils (1 to 2 fluid ounces).
- Liquor Toddaliae Concentratus, I.C.A.—CONCENTRATED SOLUTION OF TODDALIA.
- Toddalia, in No. 40 powder, 50; alcohol (20 per cent.), sufficient to produce 100. Moisten the drug with 25 Of the alcohol, pack in a percolator, and set aside for three days; then percolate with 100 of the alcohol, added in ten equal portions at intervals of twelve hours, and finally percolate with sufficient of the alcohol to make up to the required volume. Concentrated solution of toddalia is official in India and the Eastern Colonies. Dose.—2 to 4 mils (½ to 1 fluid drachm).