The nearly ripe fruit of Pimenta officinalis, Lindley (Nat. Ord. Myrtaceae). South America and West Indies, particularly Jamaica. Dose, 10 to 30 grains.
Common Names: Allspice, Pimento, Jamaica Pepper.
Principal Constituents.—An essential oil (Oleum Pimenta) and an aromatic green resin.
Preparation.—Specific Medicine Pimenta. Dose, 2 to 30 drops.
Action and Therapy.—A pungent, aromatic stimulant and carminative, but used chiefly as a flavoring agent. The oil, in doses of two to five drops, is sometimes given in flatulence and other conditions in which essential oils are usually displayed.