Cowslip of Jerusalem.
A LOW plant, but not without beauty, kept in gardens for the credit of its virtues, which are indeed more and greater than the present neglect of it would have one to suppose. It grows to eight or tea inches high; the leaves are long and broad, hairy, of a deep green, and spotted with white spots on the upper side, but of a paler colour, and not spotted underneath. The stalks are slender, angulated, and hairy, and have smaller leaves on them, but of the same figure with those from the root. The flowers are small and reddish, and grow several in a cluster at the top of the stalk. The root is fibrous.
The leaves are used; they should be gathered before the stalks grow up, and dried; they are excellent in decoction for coughs, shortness of breath, and all disorders of the lungs; taken in powder, they stop the overflowing of the menses; and when fresh bruised and put into a new made wound, they stop the bleeding and heal it.