Tinctura Aloes et Myrrhae (U. S. P.)—Tincture of Aloes and Myrrh.
SYNONYMS: Elixir proprietatis paracelsi, Tinctura aloes composita.
Preparation.—"Purified aloes, one hundred grammes (100 Gm.) [3 ozs. av., 231 grs.]; myrrh, one hundred grammes (100 Gm.) [3 ozs. av., 231 grs.]; liquorice root, in No. 40 powder, one hundred grammes (100 Gm.) [3 ozs. av., 231 grs.]; alcohol, water, each, a sufficient quantity to make one thousand cubic centimeters (1000 Cc.) [33 fl℥, 391♏]. Mix alcohol and water in the proportion of seven hundred add fifty cubic centimeters (750 Cc.) [25 fl℥, 173♏] of alcohol to two hundred and fifty cubic centimeters (250 Cc.) [8 fl℥, 218♏] of water. Having mixed the aloes, myrrh, and liquorice root, reduce them to a moderately coarse (No. 40) powder. Moisten the powder with sixty cubic centimeters (60 Cc.) [2 fl℥, 14♏] of the menstruum, and macerate for 24 hours; then pack it moderately in a cylindrical percolator, and gradually pour menstruum upon it, until one thousand cubic centimeters (1000 Cc.) [33 fl℥, 391♏] of tincture are obtained"—(U. S. P.). This is a deep red-brown tincture, precipitating when added to water. Older formulas contained saffron.
Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.—This tincture is emmenagogue and cathartic; it has been beneficially employed in anemic and other abnormal conditions of the female system, connected with derangement of the menstrual secretion, and with constipation. It will likewise be found useful as a stimulating laxative, in cold, sluggish states of the system, unconnected with any menstrual difficulty. The dose is 1 or 2 fluid drachms.