Tinctura Lobeliae Composita.—Compound Tincture of Lobelia.
SYNONYM: Dr. J. King's expectorant tincture.
Preparation.—Take of lobelia (herb), bloodroot, skunk-cabbage root, wild ginger root, and pleurisy root, each, in moderately fine powder, 1 ounce; water (or vinegar), 1 pint; alcohol, 3 pints, or a sufficient quantity. Form a tincture by maceration or percolation, as explained under Tincturae, and make 4 pints of tincture.
Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.—This tincture forms an excellent emetic for children and infants, and may be safely used in croup, whooping-cough, bronchitis, asthma, convulsions, and in all cases where an emetic is required. It will likewise be found beneficial as an expectorant, or nauseant in coughs, pleuritic affections, asthma, pertussis, and whenever expectorants are indicated. It is a most valuable compound.
In croup, for children 1 year old give ½ tablespoonful in a tablespoonful of syrup or molasses, and repeat it every 15 minutes, until it vomits; after which a teaspoonful may be given every hour or two, as required—the vomit to be repeated 2 or 3 times a day. A child from 2 to 6 months old, may take from ½ to 1 teaspoonful for a dose; less than 2 months old, from 15 to 25 drops, to be repeated every 10 minutes, if vomiting is required. Children from 3 to 6 years old, may take 1 tablespoonful, in molasses or warm water, every 10 minutes, until it vomits. Warm boneset tea ought always to be given in order to facilitate its operation as an emetic. For cough, asthma, etc., to promote expectoration and remove tightness across the chest; and in all ordinary cases where an expectorant is required, adults may take 1 or 2 teaspoonfuls in ½ wineglassful of slippery-elm tea, 3 to 5 times a day, or as often as required. Children from 1 to 10 years old, may take from ½ to 1 teaspoonful in the same manner; and for those less than 1 year, from 10 to 30 drops. Should the above doses vomit, they should be lessened, except when vomiting is desired. The stomach and bowels must be kept regular in all cases, by gentle medicines (J. King).