Unguentum Gallae, Unguentum Gallae cum Opio.

Unguentum Gallae (U. S. P.)—Nutgall Ointment.

Related entry: Galla.—Nutgall

SYNONYM: Ointment of galls.

Preparation.—"Nutgall, in No. 80 powder, twenty grammes (20 Gm.) [309, grs.]; benzoinated lard, eighty grammes (80 Gm.) 12 ozs. av., 360 grs.]; to make one hundred grammes (100 Gm.) [3 ozs. av., 231 grs.]. Rub the nutgall with the. benzoinated lard, gradually added, until they are thoroughly mixed"—(U. S. P).

Action and Medical Uses.—This ointment is useful in falling of the bowels, external hemorrhoidal swellings, and foul, obstinate ulcers. When the piles are irritable, half a drachm of pulverized opium may be advantageously added.

Related Ointment.—UNGUENTUM ACIDI GALLICI (N. F.), Ointment of gallic acid. "Gallic acid, ten grammes (10 Gm.) [154 grs.]; benzoinated lard (U. S. P.), ninety grammes (90 Gm.) [3 ozs. av., 76 grs.]. Rub the gallic acid with the benzoinated lard, gradually added, until they are thoroughly mixed, avoiding the use of an iron spatula"—(Nat. Form.).

Unguentum Gallae cum Opio.—Ointment of Galls and Opium.

Preparation.—"Take of gall ointment, 925 grains (Imp.), or 92.5 grammes; opium, in very fine powder, 75 grains (Imp.). or 7.5 grammes. Mix by trituration; 100 parts of this ointment contain 7 ½ parts of opium"—(Br. Pharm., 1898).

Action and Medical Uses.—This ointment is of value in piles and rectal prolapse; it is also of service in vaginal relaxation. Owing to the large amount of opium present, care should be exercised in its employment on mucous surfaces.

King's American Dispensatory, 1898, was written by Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D., and John Uri Lloyd, Phr. M., Ph. D.