Extractum Spigeliae Fluidum Compositum.—Compound Fluid Extract of Spigelia.
SYNONYM: Fluid extract of entozoic powder.
Preparation.—Take of pink-root, swamp milkweed, mandrake, bitter-root, each, in fine powder, 21 troy ounces; balmony, in moderately fine powder, 5 troy ounces; alcohol, diluted alcohol, each, a sufficient quantity. Add a sufficient quantity of the alcohol to the powders to thoroughly moisten them, and allow the mixture to macerate for 24 hours; then transfer it to a percolator, and gradually add alcohol until 12 fluid ounces have passed, which set aside. Then gradually add diluted alcohol to the residuum in the percolator, until it is exhausted; evaporate this in a water-bath, to 4 fluid ounces, and, while warm mix in the reserved tincture, and make 1 pint of fluid extract.
Medical Uses and Dosage.—This fluid extract may be used instead of the compound powder of spigelia, in doses of from 5 to 8 drops for a child a year old, or from 10 to 20 drops for an adult, repeating the dose every hour until it acts freely upon the bowels, after which administer the dose 3 times a day, for several days in succession. A very pleasant preparation for worms may be made by adding 1 part of this fluid extract to 12 parts of simple syrup, of which the dose for a child a year old is a teaspoonful, and for an adult a tablespoonful, to be repeated in the same manner as named in the preceding doses. This will answer especially for those children who can not take the entozoic powder (J. King).