Sabina (Juniperus sabina) is native to the mountainous portions of Austria, Switzerland, and some parts of France, being also found in the Pyrenees, Italy, the Caucasus, and other countries in regions far above the sea level. It is also found in the northern parts of North America. Sabina was used in veterinary medicine, as mentioned by Marcus Porcius Cato (132), a Roman author, 200 B. C. It was also known to Dioscorides (194) and Pliny (514). The early domestic leech-books, before the Norman Conquest, gave it a place. Charlemagne ordered that it should be cultivated on the imperial farm. Macer Floridus (397), in the tenth century, commended the use of Sabina in wounds and ulcers.