134. Anda brasiliensis, Raddi.

Botanical name: 


Anda, Piso, I. 72; II. 148: Anda brasiliensis, Raddi, Quarante piante, &c. 1821; Anda Gomesii, Ad. Jussieu, De Euphorb. Generib. 1824; Anda-açu, Indayaçu, Purga de Gentio; Cocco de Purga, Purga dos Paulistas, FruUa d'Arara, Brazil.—Brazil.—The fruit is about the size of an orange, with 2 large and 2 smaller angles. It contains two roundish nut-like seeds (semina andae brasiliensis) about the size of small chestnuts. By pressure they yield a fixed oil (oleum andae brasiliensis; oil of anda-açu). Both seeds and oil are purgative. One seed, according to Von Martins, [Systema Mat. Med. Veget. Brasil.] is a dose for a man. The expressed oil is clear and pale yellowish. Like jatropha oil, it is not very soluble in alcohol; but its solubility is increased by the addition of castor-oil. Mr. Ure [Pharmaceutical Journal, vol. ix. p. 9, 1849.] found that in doses of 20 drops it operated moderately as a purgative.

The Elements of Materia Medica and Therapeutics, Vol. II, 3th American ed., was written by Jonathan Pereira in 1854.