P. E.—Bark of root.
N. H.—Southern States, U. S. A.
Properties: Aperient; cholagogue; mildly diuretic.
Indications: Clay colored stool, high colored urine, yellowness of skin and conjunctiva result of jaundice. Itching of the skin result of absorption of bile and jaundice. Sense of uneasiness in right hypochondrium or abdominal pain simulating colic. Where there is torpor of the bile secreting functions, it will arouse cellular activity of the biliary apparatus.
Use: It overcomes the catarrhal conditions of the bile ducts, thins the bile and prevents formation of calculi and favors the passage of those formed. In jaundice, acute or chronic congestion of the liver with deficient discharge of bile or catarrh of the bile ducts it is our best remedy when indicated. In jaundice from occlusion of the bile ducts, impacted gall stones or obstruction from a tumor or growth it of course is of no value. It acts nicely with iris versicolor, polymnia, podophyllum, leptandra or sodium phosphate.