CARLINA ACAULIS, L. Ground Thistle. In Rhode Island and Virginia, according to Gronovius, Forster and Schoepf: omitted by all our late botanists, perhaps a Cnicus. Bitter, aromatic, acrid, graveolent, sudorific and stomachic, useful in hysterics and hypochondria. Schoepf.
Medical Flora, or Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of North America, Vol. 2, 1830, was written by C. S. Rafinesque.