Chap. 057. Beans Field or Horse.

Bean, Common Field or Horse.

This page hasn't been proofread yet.

00116Page 0116

I. The Names. It is called in Greek, ZyeM : in Latin, Faba Equina, Faba and by Dodonaus, Phaselus Minor, Faba agria, Vel Rufiica: and in English, Field Bean, and Horse Bean. Κυ±μ_ Gracis diUi creduntur quia funt us 70 kvuy JWi χ) itnci 7* aw. Ray.

Π. The Kinds. We shall take notice but 4>f three sorts of these Beans. The First Kind, is out Common Field Bean, which is ufiially sown with us or Horseszrn Hogs-, and is Named as afore declared. The Second Kind, is that which the Greek: call ribW©-, and by some Kt/^uc* __ytm: in Latiny 'aba Sylvestris, Faba Grxca; and in English, The Wild Bean. The Third Kind, is the Old Greek Bean, called Κν*ρ@_· ϊλλ«πχ©-: in Latin, Faba Ve-terum Grjtcorum , Faba Sylvestris Gr&corttm anti-quorum: in English, The Greek Bean of the Ancients. ■ IJ SISSKr*

III. The Description. The Field or Horse Bean has a short Root, going down right, with many small firing's springing from it, which perishes every ' ear; from whence springs forth one, two, or more. Stalks, which- grow upright like the Garden Bean, not leaning down; the Leaves are lijte unto the Garden Bean, without any dents on the edges, but they are smaller, more tit a Joint, and growing closer: the Flowers stand also more at a Joint, lesser, and more purplish Colour: the Cods jucceeding

00117Page 0117

them are long and round, smaller than the Garden Kind, and standing upright: within which are [mall longish round Beans, whit h when they are Ripe, are some blackish, some brownish), and some of a dirty yellow.

Y'r Bean **$€rs *n *** defcription not

much from the former, fave that it is Something less in the Magnitude of the Plant, and the Beans them-J elves are black and round.

V. The Greek Bean has a Root which goes not deep nor far into the Ground, but fends forth many long fibres orflrings,dying every Year, from whence springs forth two or three long flat Stalks, with two edges, lying or running upon the ground, if it has nothing to rife or clasp upon. The Stalks branch out on every side into flalksof Leaves, four commonly set thereon, by two and two, with a difiance between them, like unto the Garden Bean, and each Branch bending in a long Clafper. The Flowers grow fingly at the Joynts of the Branches, under the Leaves, and are of a kind of dead, dull, purple Colour, with fomepaleness at bottom of them: after which succeed long and somewhat flat Cods, with two sharp edges, dented about, end a little hooked or bowing, green at first, but afterwards black and hard when they are Ripe. In these Cods are contained four or five, or more round Beans, very black, and as large as Peaie.

VI. The Places. The First grows with us every where, in Fields, and are chiefly Sown for the Food of Hoggs and Horses, whence their Name: The Second and Third sorts grow with us only in Gardens but are Natives of Spain and Greece, where they are plentifully to be found.

VII. The Times. They all Flower in April, and May, and June, and that gradually, for they are long in Flowering-, and the Seed is Ripe some-times in July-, but mostly in August and September.

VIII. The clitics. Our Field Beans are hot and mo; it in the first Degree, suppurative, strengthening and spermatogenetick: nephritick, diuretick, and alterative: and used externally, as in Washings, they are of an abstersive faculty. The Wild Bean, and labaVetenm, or Greek Bean, which Dioscorides, Galen, and other Greek Authors intend, when they give us their Virtues, are used to all the same purposes and intentions ascribed to these Our Field Beans.

IX. The Specification. They have a peculiar Faculty to remove Obstructions of Urine; and to make a clear passage for the Water.

X. The Preparations. They are exactly the same with the former, as
1. A Distilled Water from the Flowers and green Cods.
2. A Decoction of the same.
3. An Essence.
4. A Volatile Spirit, Oil, and Salt.
5. The Ashes and Fixed Salt.
6. A Broth of the Beans.
7. A Cataplasm of the Meal.

The Virtues.

^ XI. The Distilled Water. It is used as a Vehicle for other Preparations, and as a cosmetick for the Face and Skin, to take away Scurf, Morphew, Tannings, Sunburnings and other like Deformities, by often washing therewith, and letting it dry on.

XII. The Decoction of Cods and Plant, opens Obstructions of the Viscera, but chiefly of the Reins, Ureters and Bladder, and provokes Urine.

XIII. The Essence, Is laid to dilTolve the Stone in Reins or Bladder, but then I conceive it must be a sort and gritty Stone, not of a Flint like Sub-ftance: it increases Seed, and provokes Lust.

XIV. The Volatile Spirit, Oil, and Salt of the drfd Beans, They are made as those of Garden Bean's chap. 55. Sett. 16. and have all the lame Virtues, Uses and Doses.

XV. The Ashes and Fix'd Salt. They are Diuretick, and powerfully provoke Urine, and therefore are singularfy good against the Dropiy Sarfites, Gout, Stone, Gravel, and Jaundice. Dofeascruple in White Wine, morning and night.

XVI. The Broth of the Beans. It has the same Virtues, but not all out so Powerful.

XVII. The Cataplasm. Made with Wine, it is good against fuffuffions and Blows of the Eyes, and is profitably applyed to ease the Pains of the Gout. Made with Wine Vinegar, and applyed, it takes away the Inflammation of the Testicles, and Womens Breasts, and apply'd where Hairs are first and immediately plucked forth, it consumes their Nutriment, and in some measure hinders their growing again. And // beaten up with Whites of Eggs, it is good against the Pin and Web, and helps the Watering of the Eyes. If made with Vinegar and equal parts of Barley Meal, it is said to waft away the Swellings of the Kings Evil. If made up with equal parts of Meal of Unugrerk, it takes black and blew spots, occasioned through Blows, and Discusses hard Swellings under the Ears. If the Cataplasm is made with Oxymel, it is good against the Stinging of Scorpions, and Bitings of Venomous Beasts, Discusses Tumors caused by Blows and Bruises, abates the Milk in Womens Breasts, and eases Wounded Nerves, if apply'd upon the Wound.

Botanologia, or The English Herbal, was written by William Salmon, M.D., in 1710.