Chap. 126. Of Chichlings Annual.

Chichling, Greater Short Codded. This chapter hasn't been proofread yet.

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I. The Names. I do not find that it has any X Greek name : The Latins call it Latbyrusj which is a kind of Peafe, ( and differs from Lathy-ris, Spurge: ) We in Engiifh call it Chichling.

II. The Kinds. It is either Perennial or Annual: The Perennial we ihall treat of when we corr?;; to treat of Peafe Everlafiing. The Annua1 is the fub-ject matter of this Chapter : They are 1. Lathyrus Annuus major Beet ic us, The Great Spanifi Annual Chichling. 2. Lathyrus Bxticus elegans, filiquis Or obi, Spanifh party-colored Chichling. 3. Lathyrus major filiqua brevi, The greater fliort-codded Chichling. 4. Lathyrus minor filiqua brevi, The lesser short-codded Chichling. 5. Lai by rus, five Ci* cereula fiore albo, Aracus Dodonxi, Ervum Lecuns, Pifum Grscorum Tragi, Ervum album fat iv urn FucU fij, Ervum angulrfum aliquibus, White fiowred Winged"Chichling. 6. Lathyrus,five Cicercula fiore1 pur pur eo, Aracus five Cicera Dodondci, Purple fiowred Winged Chichling 7. Lathyrus^five Cicercula Beetica fiore Ceruleo, Aracus H[fpanic us Camerori;, Cicercula JEgyptica Clufij, Blew fiowred Winged Chichling. ». Lathyrus, five Cicercula fiore ris* bente, Red fiowred Winged Chichling. 9. Lathyrus, five Cicercula Bert tea Dumctorum, Wood Chich-

fk. The Descriptions. The firfi of these has a Root small, not running deep nor far, but peri flung every Lear from whence proceeds two or three fiat Stalks, three feet or more long, welled as it were with skins or films on both edges, having two Jmall Leaves apiece at each Joint, from whence fhoot forth the Branches, bearing two pretty long and broad Leaves about the middle thereof, one oppofite to ano~ ther, with a twining CI of per or Tenure I running between them. The Flowers ftand finely upon long Footftalks, of a deeper purple color, but lefier than the Perennial : after which come long pale colored

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Cods, very like the Perennial, as the Peafe within than aljo are.

IV. The second has a small Root, from whence spring up Branches or Stalks five or fix feet long, with such like Welts, or skinny Membranes on both edges at every Joint, from whence come forth long Leaves, divided at the top into two other smaller Leaves >, and higher upwards set with fix Leaves on both sides : and in the middle between them comes forth a small Oaf per or Tendrel, by which it catches hold oj every thing which fiands next unto it. At the Joints alfo-come forth the Llowers, either one or two at the mofi, upon long Loot fialks, like unto the other kind, the upper LeaJ of a fine Crimfon, or Orange color, and the other in the middle of a perfect White. Ajter the Llowers are past, comes the Peafe or Seed in long Cods, every Seed bunching out, as in the Cods of Orobus, and as large almoft as the smaller Peaje.

tfreatcr short codded defiling

V. Tlie third has a small fender Root, from whence rises up several Stalks, which lye upon the ground, unlefs fupported by something standing near them : in us manner of growing it differs but little from the former h but its Leaves are something longer turning a little roundifh, almoft Cicle fafhiorid. The Flower has its inner Leaves white, and the outward somewhat purphfh, the Cods which follow are thick and for t, which contain within them, small, round blackifh Peafe.

■ VI. The fourth difiers little from the laft, but only in thefmallnefs of the Plant, and the Cods, ha« ving a little roughnefs upon them.

ML The fifth has a small Fibrous Root, perifhine every Pear, from whence fprings up weak Winged Stalks lying along on the ground, if not fupported by something near them, like as all the former having also two small Leaves at the Joints, and two others narrower likewife on the Branches, which terminate in divided Clafpers or Tendrels. The Flow-

ers are white, and fiand on long Footftalks which being past away, there comes after them short Ceds somewhat fiat, with two little narrow films all along the back of them which contain within them Seed or Peafe, fiat, white, and cornered, and somewhat larger than those of the former forts.

VIII. The fixth in its Roots, Stalks, Leaves, and manner of grozcing, is like the former: the Flowers and Seed chiefiy declare the difference ; the Flowers are of a dark dead purple color, and the Cods which follow, are smaller, icith films at their backs like the former. The Seed or Peafe within them, are also cornered, but of a dark brown color, fo that they are almoft black in appearance.

IX. Lhe feve nth has a small fibrous Root periling as the rest do, every Tear·, and differs in nothing from the fifth and fixth, but in the Leaves, which are much larger · and the Flowers, which are of a pale blew on the out side, the inner Leaves being more blew. The Cods are small, and almoft round, winge I at the back like the former, in which is contained brown cornered Seed*

X. The eighth has Roots, and Stalks, like the laft, and rejembles it in its manner of growing ·, but its green Leave s are narrower and longer than thje,and its Flowers are of a dull dead kin I of Orange color, which being past away, there follows short Cods, and somewhat round, with brmunijh cornered Seed.

XI. The ninth has a small fibrous Root as the rest have, from whence there comes forth several long, weak Stalks with films on the edges-, at the Joints are two small Leaves, and from between them come forth the Branches, which have several small dark green Leaves on them, somewhat round at the ends, and are sometimes three on a side, and sometimes but two, but not always one againfi another. From the bofom of the Stalk and Branches, come forth commonly two Flowers on a long Footfialk, the upper Leaf being reddifh, and the other purplifh, after which come forth long fmooth Cods, without any film at the back, containing within them, round, but somewhat flat Seed, or Ρ eafe, of a brownifh color.

XII. The Places. They all grow in Spain, from whence they were first brought to us : the first four grow Wild : the latter five are Manured there : but with us they all gtow only in Gardens.

XIII. Llie Times. They Flower in July, and the Seed is ripe in August or September.

XIV. The Qualities, Specification, Preparations, and Virtues, are the fame with our Peafe or Beans, to which we refer you. The five laft Manured forts, Boel fays, are eaten by the poor People of Spain inftead of Bread ; for where these are eaten for Food, seldom any Bread Corn is eaten: They are of a vey folid Substance, and exrreamly Nutririve, and therefore nouriih more than other Grain, but are more hard of Conception.

Botanologia, or The English Herbal, was written by William Salmon, M.D., in 1710.