Chap. 181. Of Cudweed Wicked.

This chapter hasn't been proofread yet.

00296Page 296

I. The Names. It is called in Greek, ι>«^ Χ yt^JKm μικζβπν* ! in Latin, Gna-

YwTArmpAmmf S*naphalium minus : in English, Wicked Cudweed Wicked Herb, Cudweed the lesser f II. The Kinds. Of these there are two forts, 1. Gnaphalium minus Herba impia, Gnaphalium Euf chu, Matthioli, Lobeiii, Lugdunensis, Aliorumque, hlago (a foliorum inufitata superbia) and Cartafila-go Anguilara, The lesser foit of the lesser Cud-

weeds, Wicked Cudweed the letter. urn majus generis mineris, hilago major, Herba impia major, Gnaphalium impium major, The greater sort of the leilcr Cudweed, Wicked Cudweed the greater.

III. The Descriptions. The first of these has a fibrous Root, from whence Jhoots up a low or short Stalk, set with shorter Leaves than the former, but somewhat more white or hoary, and a little broader , at the tops whereof Jhnd a larger and more open Flower than in the two others, and of a paler yellow color ; from the sides of this Stalk spring forth divers short Branches, set with such like, but smaller Leaves than those which grow below, with such a like yellow Flower as the other , which Branches, with their Flowers, do always rife higher than the middle Stalk, and the Flower upon it : sometimes also the Branches will have other small Branches spring from them, bearing Leaves on them, and flowers on the top of each ; these also rising above the Branches, with their plowers in the said manner, that the first Branches did unto the main Stalk : the Seed follows the Flowers in a downy Bed, and is carried away with the Wind, as the rest are.

IV. The second, or Larger Wicked Cudweed, has a large Root with several pretty thick Branches, and many fibres springing from the same _·, from which sometimes springs up but one Stalk, and sometimes two, three or more principal Stalks, very much, in their Magnitude, way of Growing, Shape or Perm of the Leaves and Flowers, like the former, but much larger h and sor the most part those Flowers which appear first, are the lowest and bafeft, and are always overt opt by other Flowers which come on younger Branches, and grow higher, as Children fee king to overgrow or overtop their Parents, (as many wicked Children do,) for which Cause it obtained the Name of Gnaphalium impium, and Herba impia, Wicked Cudweed, or Wicked Herb, and not for any evil or malignant Quality in the Jame%

V. The Places. They both grow in dry, barrensandy, gravelly and desert places in many parts of England.

00297Page 297

VI. The Times. They both flower in July, and the Seed is ripe in August.

VII. The Vitalities, Specification, Preparations, Virtues and Uses, are the same with the Common Cudweed in Chap. 180. aforegoing, to which I referr you.

Botanologia, or The English Herbal, was written by William Salmon, M.D., in 1710.