63. Chamaelirium luteum. Helonias, N.F.—Helonias dioica. False Unicorn.

Botanical name: 

63. CHAMAELIRIUM LUTEUM Gray. Helonias, N.F.—HELONIAS DIOICA Pursh. FALSE UNICORN. Habitat: United States. The rhizome, which is the part employed, is greenish-brown externally, closely annulate, about 25 mm. (1 in.) long, and 6 mm. (1/4 in.) thick, beset on the lower side with numerous wiry rootlets; internally whitish, horny; bitter. Transverse surface is dirty white in hue and of a horny texture, and exhibits a well-defined central column occupying about one-third the diameter. It has been used as an adulterant for sanguinaria. Tonic, diuretic, anthelmintic. Dose: 15 to 60 gr. (1 to 4 Gm.).

A Manual of Organic Materia Medica and Pharmacognosy, 1917, was written by Lucius E. Sayre, B.S. Ph. M.