31. Magnoliaceae.—Magnolia Family.
Trees and shrubs, mostly of subtropical regions. Leaves coriaceous; alternate, simple, usually pellucid-punctate, entire, or rarely dentate; flowers axillary or terminal, usually solitary, perfect, or, in a few genera, unisexual; sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils numerous and hypogynous. Fruit various, cone-like, or forming a stellate group of whorl (illicium), or capsular with ventral or dorsal dehiscence.