The cortical portion of both the sweet and bitter orange and the lemon are mildly stimulant, tonic, and stomachic, and may be used in mild cases where such an action is desired. They are principally used to flavor, and cover the taste of disagreeable agents.

The American Eclectic Materia Medica and Therapeutics, 1898, was written by John M. Scudder, M.D.