Celtis australis, Celtis occidentalis, Celtis tala.

Celtis australis Linn. Urticaceae. Celtis. European Nettle. Honeyberry. Lote Tree.

Europe, temperate Asia and East Indies. The European nettle is a native of Barbary and is grown as a shade tree in the south of France and Italy. Dr. Hogg considers it to be the lote tree of the ancients, "lotos to dendron" of Dioscorides and Theophrastus; Sibthorp and Stackhouse are of the same opinion. The fruit is about the size of a small cherry, yellow, dark brown or black. The modern Greeks are very fond of the fruits; they are also eaten in Spain. They are called in Greece honeyberries and are insipidly sweet. In India, Brandis says a large, blackish or purple kind is called roku on the Sutlej; a smaller yellow or orange kind choku.

Celtis occidentalis Linn. Hackberry. Nettle Tree. Sugarberry.

Southern and Western United States. This celtis is a fine forest tree. The fruits are sweet and edible.

Celtis tala Gill.

Mexico. This is the cranjero or cranxero of the Mexicans. The berries of this shrub are of the size of small peas, oval, orange-yellow and somewhat edible though astringent.

Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World, 1919, was edited by U. P. Hedrick.