Chamaerops humilis.

Botanical name: 

Chamaerops humilis Linn. Palmae. Dwarf Fan-Palm. Palmetto.

West Mediterranean countries. The young shoots or suckers from the bottom of the plant, called cafaglioni, are eaten by the Italians. In Barbary, the lower part of the young stems and the roots are eaten by the Moors.

Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World, 1919, was edited by U. P. Hedrick.