Gundelia tournefortii.

Botanical name: 

Gundelia tournefortii Linn. Compositae.

Syria, Asia Minor and Persia. This thistle is grown abundantly in Palestine and is similar to the artichoke. The young plant, especially the thick stem, with the young and still undeveloped flower-buds, is brought to the market of Jerusalem under the name cardi and is sought after as a vegetable.

Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World, 1919, was edited by U. P. Hedrick.