Kosam seeds. Brucea sumatrana.
Kosam Seeds. Fructus Bruceae, Pharm. Nederland.—The seeds of the Brucea sumatrana Roxb. (Fam. Simarubaceae) indigenous in China and Southern Asia. Schlagdenhauffen found in them saponin, and Physalis and Bertrand a glucoside, kosamin. They are asserted to be useful in menorrhagia, also in dysentery and diarrhea. (P. J; lxiv, p. 463.) According to Power and Salway (Year-book of Pharmacy, 1907), the B. antidysenterica has similar properties and is largely used in Abyssinia.