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00119

This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.


XII. The Decoction in White Wine. It provokes and sometimes of a White colour, or various coloured Urine, and binds the Belly. not much unlike to the flowers of Ox-lips, but more

XIII. The Syrup. It Is good against Coughs, Colds, open, and consisting of one only Leaf like Cotiledon, Asthma's, Phthiiicks, ίpitting and pifling of Blood, or Pennywort: after which come small heads with a Bloody Fluxes, tYr. Dose two spoonfuls in Wine. point el at Top of them, not rising to the height of

XIV. The Clyfler. By reafcn the whole Plant is of the Cups, containing small blackish Seed. a Glutinous, Clammy, and Slimy Mucilaginous Nature ; it is given Clyster-wife to procure Stools, and heal the Excoriations of the Bowels.

XV. The Cataplasm. From its Glutinous and Mu cilaginous property, it is (like Comfrey ) applyed to weak parts to strengthen them; and applyed to the Gout in the Joints, it eases the Pain, discusses the Humor, and cures the Disease: It also is profitable against Cramps in any part, and Ruptures in Children, being timely applied to the Part: made into form of an Emplaster, and applied to the Back, it eases Pains there, and strengthens a weak Back.

XVI. The Saline Tincture. It opens obstructions of the Urinary Passages, and powerfully provokes Urine. Dofe, one or two drams in a draught of White Wine: and Cloths dipt in it, and applied to parts burned ( where the skin is not broken) it pre-lently draws forth the fire.

XVII. The Wild Bears Breech has the same Preparations, Virtues and Vfes.

Chap. LIX. Bear's Ears.

I. 'Tpifc Names. They know no Greek Name, A but have obtained leveral Latin ones, according to the variety of Authors, who have treated of them : but they may well enough be called in Greek, hcCU Λζκιαν: They are called varioufly by several Authors, as Lunaria Arthrittca, also Lunar i a Paralytica Alpina, ·, and Sanicula Alpina, by Gefner: Primula veris Pachyphyllos, by Lugdun: Auricula Urfl, by Matthiolus,Bauhinus, and others: and at this day they are so generally called by Mr. Ray, and other Authors. Some Authors, as Fabius Columna, will have them to be the Alifma, or Da-mafonium of Dioscorides, but are,in my opinion,mifta-ken, because the form of the Flowers plainly demon-ftrate the contrary : in Engltjh they are generally called Bears-Ears, and Auricula's by the Florists. They are certainly of the Family of the Cowslips, and therefore are also called Alpine Cowslips, and Mountain Cowslips, from the places whence they first came : Sanicula Alpina, Alpine or Mountain Sanicle, a fanandis vulneribus : and Auricula's from the form of the Leaf

II. The Kinds. There are three principal Kinds, as τ. That with long dented Leaves. 2. That with long Leaves not dented. 3. That with round Leaves ·, and of each of these there are many varieties : as, the Tellow : the Purple : the Red : the Scarlet : the Bright Red: the Blujh-coloured: the Various-coloured : the Blew : the White : the Hair-coloured : the Straw-coloured: and the Variable Green.

III. The Description. Those with long dented Leaves ( of which the Yellow kind is principal) which is a beautiful fine Plant, has a thready Root,very like to the Oxlip h which fends forth green, thick, and fat Leaves, somewhat finely fnipt about the Edges, much like to those of Cowslips, but greener Jmoother, and nothing so crumpled: among which arises up a slender, round Stem, an handful high, bearing a Tuft of Flowers at the Top, from fx to twelve in number; jometwes of a Tellow Jometimes of a Purple, or Red,

IV. Those with long Leaves not dented, have a Root greater and thicker than the former, with long firings or fibres like unto the other sorts, but greats er ·, from whence springs up many fair, large, thick Leaves, somewhat mealy or hoary upon the green-ness, smooth about the Edges, and without any indenting at all. The Stalk is great, round, and not higher than in the former, but bearing many more flowers thereon, more in number than any other kind, amounting sometimes to twenty or more, yea sometimes to thirty, standing so round and Dose together, that they feem to be a Nose-gay alone: their form is like some others, but that the Leaves are shorter and rounder, yet with a notch in the middle, like the reft, of a fair Tellow, &c. colour, neither very pale nor deep, with a White Eye or Circle in the bottom, about the middle of every Flower, giving them an extraordinary grace ; after which comes round heads greater than the former, with a small point el Jlrik* ing in the middle, in which is contained Seed of a blackish brown colour.

V. The round Leaved, which Tabermontanus, and Gerard, call Sanicula alpina * and Matthiolus, Cor-tula, and we Bears-Ear fanicle ·, has a Root confining of a thick Tuft of small whitish Threads, rather than Roots, much interlaced one among another: from whence spring up Leaves-, first, such as are much crumpled, and as it were folded tcgether, which afterwards open themselves into fair, broad and roundish Leaves, somewhat rough, or hairy, not only cut into five divisions, but somewhat notched also about the edges, of a dark green colour on the upper side, and more whitish green underneath. The Leaves of this Plant die down every Year, and rise up anew every Spring, whereas all other Bears-Ears keep their Leaves green all the Winter, especially the middlemost, which stand like a close head, the outwardmost for the most part perishing after Seed-


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