This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
time, rrom anion ς the J-> Leaves njes up one or two naked round Stalks, five or six Inches high, bearing at the Tops several small blowers, femewhat sweet, and like unto ihe purple Bears Ear, hanging down their Heads, consisting of five small pointed Leaves apiece , of a. dark, reddijh, purole Colour, with a white Circle or bottom in the middle, and some small threads therein: the Mowers being past, there appears small round Heads, somewhat longer than any of the former kinds of Bears Ears, (landing upright upon their small foot Stalks, in which is contained small, round, and blackish Seed.
VI. The Places. The native places of these Plants are on the Alpine Mountains, and other like places, as the Pyrensan: thoiewith the blew Flower and Borrage I^eaf, grow on the Mountains in Spain, and on that side the Pyrenxans next to Spain, from whence thev have been Tranfplanted to us, and are onlv nouriifi d up with us in Gardens.
VII. The Times. They all Flower in April and Mayand their Seed is ripe in rhe end of June, or beginning of July : and sometimes they will Flower again in the end of Summer, or in Autumn, if the Seafon proves moift, rainy, and temperate. As for the great variety of these Flowers, Parkinson is of opinion, that they have rifen from the Seed, according the to differing Climes and Soil in which it has been Sowed.
VIII. The Vitalities. They are Temperate in re-fpecF of heat or cold; and dry in the first Degree. They are Cephalick, Neurotick and Arthritick, Vulnerary, astringent, and Alterative.
IX. The Specification. It" is a most admirable Vulnerary, as well for Internal as External Wounds.
X. The Preparations. The Shops keep nothing of it Prepared, but you may make therefrom, 1. An expressed Liquid juice. 2. An Inspissate Juice. 3. An Essence. 4. A Decoction in Wine. 5. An Oil. 6. An Ointment or Balsam. 7. A Spirituous Tincture.
XI. The Expressed Liquid Juice. Taken inwardly one or two spoonfuls at a time in a Glass of Tent or Red Wine, it stops inward Bleedings, and heals Wounds in the Stomach and Lungs: being fnuff'd up the Noftrils it purges the Head and Brain of Phlegmatick and Serous Humors, and therefore is good against Epilepiies, Apoplexies, Vertigo's, Me grims and other Head Diseases.
XII. The Inspissate Juice. Diflblved in Red-Wine, and used as the former, it is prevalent to all the same Intentions, and against all the same Diseases: be sides it strengthens the Stomach to a Miracle,
XIII. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the expressed Liquid and Inspissate juices: besides which taken every day from 1. to iij. spoonfuls in any proper Wine or other fit V ehicle, it prevails as a Vulnerary potion for the Curing of all sorts of new Wounds and old Ulcers, and is found to be a singular thing against the Palfie, dimness of Sight, and many other Diseases of the Head, Brain, and Nerves.
XIV. The DecotTwn in Wine. It is Vulnerary taken Inwardly, opens Obstructions of the Lungs, and causes free breathing, gives ease in Gripings of the Belly, and the Bloody Flux h for which Disease, also in aDiarrhara, and Lienteria, the Liquid, Inspissate Juctes and Essence are all profitable.
XV. The Oil. It is made with Sallet Qji by boiling. It cures External Wounds, as Camerarius in his Hortus Medicus faith, tho' of the Nerves to a Miracle ·, difcuifes Swellings, Cases pain, and is
found to be profitable in the Gout whether arising from a hot or cold Cause.
XVI. The Balsam. It has the Virtues of the Oil; but more excellent for the Cure of Wounds than it, especially of the Nerves^ is good against the bitings of the Sea Hare, and of the Toad; and refolves Oedema's.
XVII. The Spirituous Tint!ure. It cures Gripings of the Belly, the Dyfentery, Convulsions, Fits of the Mother, and other Distempers of the Womb. Dose j. spoonful Morning and Evening.
XVIII. Parkinson says the Leaves of Cortufa tail a little hot, and if one of them belaid whole, without bruifing, on the Cheeks of any tender Skinn'd Woman, it will raile an Orient Red Colour as if some Fucus had been laid on, which will pais away without any manner of hurr, or mark where it lay.
Chap. LX. Beets Common and Whi
ι.ηηΗε Names. This Plant is called by the -I- Arabians, Decka, and Calab: by the Grecians, τν'τλοί>)ο Σίκ'τλοιτ, ab impulfu quod faeile excrefi cat, because it comes up in few days after the Sowing, and then grows very faft till it comes to its bigneis. In Latin, Beta, quoniam figuram liter £ β dum femine turget referre videtur, because the figure of it being in Seed, is fomwhat like to the Greek Letter Beta, as Columella obferves. And in English, it is called, Beet,
II. The Kinds. Dioscorides makes a Wliite and a Black : So also Theophrastus Hijl. Plant, lib. 7. chap. , who says, Candida fapore nigra praftantior: So Pliny, lib. 19. chap. 8. Beta a colore duo g'enera Grxcijaciunt, nigrum & Candidius. Parkinson is