P. E.—Bark and fruit.
N. H.—Asia, Europe, America.
Properties: Tonic, mildly astringent, anti-spasmodic.
Use: Exerts a direct influence on the portal circulation and uterine cervix. Overcomes capillary stasis. Disorders of a congestive nature, especially of the viscera and venous structure of the rectum. In hemorrhoids from portal congestion or reflexes from this condition such as headache, spasmodic asthma, dyspepsia, lumbar and sacral pain, spasmodic stricture, rectal neuralgia and fissures it is indicated. In hemorrhoids with fullness and dryness of rectum, purplish color of hemorrhoids, a constricted feeling without constipation, painful and difficult stool, throbbing of the abdominal and pelvic vessels it is indicated. In neuralgia of malarial origin it is of some value.