Chap. 052. Balsam-Apple Female and Yellow.

Balsamine, Female.

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I. The Names. It is also unknown to the JL ' Greeks : but is called in Latin by Matthiolus, Anguilla, Fuchsius, Gesner and Tragus, Balsamina altera : by Dodoneus, Balsam inum : by Lugdunensis, Balsamina : by Cordus, Balsamella : by Gesner ad Cordum, Balsamina amigdoloides : by Camerarius, Tabermontanus, and Gerard, Balsamina Foemina: by Lobel, Balsamina foemina perficifolia ; and by Cesalpina, Catanance : and in English Balm Apple female.

II. The Kinds. It is the second kind of the Balm Apple-, viz. the Female _·, differing very much from the former, both in the form and manner of growing. The Fellow Balsamine is the thitd kind, and by Lobel, Camerarius, Gerard, and others, is called Persicaria SUiquofa, in English, Codded Arsmart, by J Bauhin, Noli me tangere : by Tragus, Mercurialis sylvestis altera:. by Dodoneus, Impatiens Herba _· and by Columna, Balsamita altera.

III. The Description. The Female Balm . does much differ from the former: It has a Root dispersed into manifold Arms, from whence proceeds many small firings spreading under the Earth : The Stalks arise from we main stock of the Root, which are thick, fat, full of Juice, in substance like 'the stalks of Purslane, of a reddish colour, and somewhat shining. The Leaves are long and narrow, much like those of the Willow or Peach tree, a little toothed about the edges : among which come forth the Flowers, of an incarnate colour, tending to bleivnrfis, zvitf) a little tail or fpur annexed thereto, like to Larks heels, of a faint, light crimson colour. These being gone, there comes up in their places the Fruit, or Apples, rough and hairy, round, and sharp at the1 point, and lesser than those of the Male, at first green, but afterwards yellowish when ripe, the which open of themselves when full ripe, and cafi abroad their Seed, much like unto a Fetch says Dodoneus; or like to Lentils, as other Authors fay. But that whicl} Gerard had in his Garden cafi forth the Seed like Cole-flower, or Mustard-seed, which trade him to think that either the Clime had altered its shape, ot that there was two kinds thereof.

IV. The yellow Balsamint ( which Gerard -places with the Arsmarts, and Parkinson with the Merceries) has a black and thready Root, which perishes every year,from which spring forth Stalks about tzxo foot high; tender, green, and somewhat purpiift?, ho!^ low, smooth, juicy and tranfparent, with large ani eminent Joints : From whence proceed Leaves like hofe <?f French Mercury, a little larger end broader

towards their Stalks, and thereabouts also cut in nth deeper Teeth or Notches. From the brfo/rt cf

ping, with crooked Spurs or Heels, and fpa ted also with red or crimson spots. The Flowers betm go;:?, there succeeds Cods containing the Seed, wined are bout two Inches long,fiender, knotted, end oj ewoi*

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ιΦgreencrested with greenish lines-, which cut Joan cu they begin to be ripe, are so impatient, that they wi!l by no means be touched, but presently the Seed wilt fly out of them into your face ) from whence came the name herba impatiens) and for which reason Lobel, and others have called it, Noli me tangere)

V. The Places. The first of these is only Nurs'd up with us in Gardens. The latter grows in shady Woods in France, Germany and Italy. It has also been found in shady Woods side, and shady sides of Mountains, and their Values in Wales in Shrop-shire at Marington _·, on the Banks of the River Kemlet, and at Guerudee in the Pariih of Cf)erftock, half a mile from the laid River, in the Highway among grear Alder-trees : but it will grow and a-bide in our Gardens very well, and every year fow it fell* being let in a shady place.

VI. The Times. The first: of these ( as also the former Male kind) must be sown in the beginning of April, and in a hot bed of Horie-dung, as you do Musk-Melons, Cucumbers, and such like cold Fruits : then they must be replanted abroad from the said beds, into a hot, moist, and fertile place, at such time as they have gotten three Leaves a piece. They flower in July and August, and their fruit comes to the greatest perfection our Country will give it in September following. The Noli me tangere flowers in its natural place, about the middle or end of August, and presently after Seeds ; but that which grows with us in Gardens flowers in June or July.

VII. The Qualities. The first of these is cold in i° and dry in 2° _·, Cephalick, Neurotick, Vulnerary, and Alterative. The Noli me tangere, is hot and dry in the third degree _·, Nephretick, Diuretick and Emetick.

VIII. The Specification. The latter Specifically provokes Urine, even unto a wonder, as Gesner tefti-


IX. The Preparations. They may be the lame with those of the Male kind, as,
1. Pouder.
2. Decoction.
3. Inspissate Juice.
4. Spiritous Tincture.
5. Oleaginous Tincture.
6. Oil by Infusion.
7. A Balsam.

From the Noli me tangere, there is,
1. A Pouder of the Herb.
2. An Inspissate Juice.
3. A Distilled Water.

The Virtues.

X. Tie Pouder. It dries up green Wounds, consolidates, and heals rhcm.

XI. The Decoction. It cleanses old Ulcers, and rotten Sores, and disposes Fistula's ( being injected into them) to a healing.

XII. The Inspissate Juice. Being reduced into a pouder, and strewed upon a green wound, it presently conglutinates it, and heals it.

XIII. The Spiritous Tincture. It is helpful to a Gangiene in beginning, and by its gentle styptick quality, restores and conserves the heat or the

XIV. TJ^e Oleaginous Tincture. It has the lame Virtues with the Spiritous Tincture, but much more powerful- bathed upon the Nerves, it comforts and strengthens them, helps Cramps, and eases A-

ShKws' lS g°0d 3Sa™Pun6mies of the

XV. The Oil by lnfufton, heals Wounds, abates Inflamations, and cures fiery Pustules of tbe'sST

XVII. The Pouder of Noli mc tangere. It is

Emetick, and sometimes Cathartick, working (as some Authors say ) strongly; for which reason Dodoneus says, it has a pernicious faculty, and is deleterious : yet'it may be given from a scruple to half a dram in some convenient Vehicle, in strong Bodies.

XVIII. The Inspissate Juice. It is Emetick like Cambogia, and sometimes it works downwards like Scammony, but its operations are not altogether fb certain. It may be given from ten grains to a scruple, made up into a Bolus, and ib swallowed.

XIX. The Distilled Water. It is of mighty power to provoke Urine; and if largely drunk, it is said to induce a Diabetes and some magnifie it, as to expel the Stone in the Reins : but without doubt it powerfully cleanses the Reins and Urinary passages, expelling Sand, Gravel, Slime, and other things which obstruct the Passages of the Urine.

Botanologia, or The English Herbal, was written by William Salmon, M.D., in 1710.