Chap. 116. Of Carrots of Candy.

Carot, Wild of Creet, or Daucus. This chapter hasn't been proofread yet.

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1. 'τλ The Names. It is called in Greek, ΔαΛ©- ·

J_ In Arabic k, Dauco, and Giezar : In Latin also Daucus, Daucum, and Daucium, and Daucus Creticus : In Englifi, Daucus, and Dauke, and Candy Carrots.

II. The Kinds. Parkinson makes iixteen kinds of Daucus" s, many of which are nothing to our pur pofe : Those which we are chiefly to treat of in this Chapter, are the Candy or Crctick Kinds, which Dioscorides makes to be three, viz. ι. Daucus Creticus verus Dwfcoridis, The true Daucus of Candy.

2. Daucus Se/moides, The Parsley Leav'd Daucus.

3. Daucus Coriandri fo/iis, Daucus tertius Diofcori-dis Bello, Coriander Leav'd Daucus, or Bel/us his third Daucus οϊ' Dioscorides. 4. To these we think good to add a second kind of the Daucus Se/inoides, which is Daucus Se/inoides maxima, The greatest Parsley Leav'd Daucus.

III. The Descriptions. The True Daucus bat a

R. ot small, long, and white ( lesser says Gerard, than t!>e Root of a Par/nip, which is of a fragrant smell, and almofi as quick and sharp in Taste as the Seed, bat id 11 not abide our Winters here in England, with all t}>e skill we can use, so that we are forced to fow

it anew eve/y Tear. Prom this Root rise up several Stalks of 11 inged Leaves, as finely cut as tenne/, but shorter, set at distances one against another, of a whitish or hoary color, fuelling a lit tie sweet. prom among which rise up divers slender Branches or Stalks a foot high, bearing at their Tops Jmall Umbles of white Flowers, and after them Jmall hoary grayish Seed, somewhat long and round, and of a sharp or p&A Smell and Taste.

IV. lie second Daucus has a Root somewhat great, thick, long and white, with a bufh oj hairs at the Head, as many other Umbelijerous Plants have, and of a hot and sharp taste, as tie Seed also is ; from whence rise up large Stalks of somewhat broad pale green Leaves, bigger than Parjley, and with dtvi-fions of the same fjjhion and manner, next the ground: And also large Stalks almost two feet high, with the like Leaves at the Joints, but shorter; and at the tops fpokie rundles of white Flowers, which turn into long crefted Seed, bigger than ordinary Fennel Seed, and of a yellow brown color.

V. The third Daucus of Dioscorides, according to Honorius Bellus his account, has a Root great, thick and short, perishing yearly. The whole Plant is Aromatical, and both Root and Leaf are eaten by the Cretians as a common Sallet Herb. From this Root JPring several Stalks of fine cut Leaves, not much unlike to the Leaves of Coriander, but lesser and thicker. The Stalks are near two Yeet high, with great and fwollen Joints, ( and therejore called by some Sefcli nodofom, knotted Hart wort, but by Bauhinus, Daucus Criticus nodofus Umbella lutea) and smaller Leaves at them, at the tops whereof grow yellow Umbles of Flowers ( but white with us in England ) which being past away, there comes much Seed, larger than that of Fennel.

VI. The fourth Daucus, which is the large or large ft kind of the Parsley Leaved, has a Root sometimes as large as ones Arm, or being young, of the bigness of ones Thumb, parted into several Branches at the bottom, and covered with a rugged black Bark, of a Viscous taste at the first, but sharp afterwards, so as to cauje spitting, having at the top many hairy

Heads, from whence come several very large, and great Winged Leaves, much divided and dented about the edges, muchwhat like the last, but bigger, and of a pale or faint green color, a little jhining on the upper side, and of a greyish ajh-color underneath. Among these Leaves rises up, a large, great, crefted Stalk, of a Yingers thickness, with some Joints, and Leaves at the Joints, and with Branches also between them : at the tops whereojft and small Umbles of whitijh Flowers, and somewhat like Seed to the second kind, but larger.

VII. The Places. Candia is the Natural place of their Growth, but with us in England they are only nourished up in Gardens. The first has been found upon several Mountains of Germany; and upon the Hills and Rocks of Jura near Geneva, from whence it has been tranfported into several of our more Northern Regions.

V HI. The Times. They flower in June and Juty> fome earlier, some later; and their Seed is ripe n August; fome of it ripening in the time of flowering.

IX. The Qualities. The Seed and Roots are hot and dry in the third Degree the Herb furcely exceeds the second Degree of heat, and therefore lS less powerful. They are Aperitive, Attractive, V' geftive. Carminative, Diuretick, Cephalick, Stomatick, Nephritick, Hysterick, Lithonrrtptick, Alterative, Alexipharmick and Spermatogenetick.

X. The Specification. It is chiefly dedicated «> the Strangury, Stone, and stoppage of Urine. .

XI. The Preparations. You may make hereof

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1. .4 liquid Juke of the Herb and Root. 2. An Essence of the same. 3. A Pouder of the Seed. 4. An Infusion of the Seed. A Decoction of Seed or Root, or both. 6. A Cataplasm of the Herb and Root. 7. A Difiilied Water. 8. A Spirituous Tincture. 9. An Acid Tincture. 10. An Oily Tincture. 11. A Saline Tincture. 12. A Spirit. 1$*Α distilled Oil. 14. Potestates or Powers. 1$. An Elixir. 16. A Salt.

The Virtues*

XII. The liquid Juice of the Herb and Root. It helps the Strangury, provokes Urine, and the Terms, and expels both Birth and After-birth, and is good tor those who have been bitten by the Phalangium, ur anv other Venomous Beast. Dole four spoonfuls iri Wine.

XI u. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the liquid Juice, and is stronger, finer, and a much more noble Medicine: Ic prevails against Vapors and Hy-iterick fits, as also the malignity of the Plague, or Pestilence. Dole one or two ounces in generous Wine, Morning and Night, or three or four times a Day, as the necelfity or extremity may require.

XIV. The Pouder of the Seed. This ( according to Authors) has that powerful heat in it, that it becomes a principal Medicine to help the Strangury, to ease the pain, and remove all Itoppages of Urine. It provokes the Terms, facilitates the Delivery, and brings away the Dead Child, and Afterbirth, and helps Vapors and Hysterick Fits. Dose one dram, to one dram and half, in a Glass of White Port Wine, Morning and Night, and in time of a Paroxyfm.

XV. The Infusion of the Seed in Wine. It has all the Virtues of the Pouder, but I fear not full out so effectual. Dose half a Pint, Morning, Noon, and Night.

XVI. The Decoction of Seed, or Root, or both. It ought to be made in White Port Wine, and so given to drink, rwo, three or four times a day, half a Pint at a time ; It has the Virrues both of the Essence, and Pouder of the Seed ^ and a most famous thing against the Plague, the Patient being put to Bed, well covered, and so made to Sweat upon it.

XVII. The Cataplasm. The Herb, but more especially the Roots made into a Cataplasm, by beating in a Mortar, and so mixed with Hogs Lard, and applied, does ease, discusses, or affwage Tumors or Swellings in any part. Made into a Mixture or Cataplaim with Honey, and applied to the Throat, it eases an Inveterate Cough.

XVIII. The Distilled XVater. It prevails against Stone, Gravel, Sand, Strangury, and all itoppages of Urine, but is Aveak, in refpecF to the Juice, Essence, and other more noble Preparations of the Plant, and therefore is only used as a Vehicle to convey other Preparations of the same in.

XIX. The Spirituous Tincture. It is an excellent thing against the Plague or Pestilence, and against all other malign fevers, as Purples, Spotted Fever, Mealies, Small Pox, and Fevers derived from the bitings of Serpents, as Vipers, Rattle Snakes, and others of like kind : It provokes Sweat gently, and desends the Heart after an admirable manner* Dose two, three, or four drams in the Distilled Water, or rather in Wine, or some other fit Vehicle.

^XX. The Acid Tincture. It has all the Virtues of the Spirituous Tincture, and if the Fever is very high or intenfe, is much the better Medicament; f elides the Acid, destroys the Malignity much more powerfully. Dose to one dram, or more, in the Distilled Water.

XXI. The Oily 1 intture. In an extremity or The Strangury this is the most powerful Preparation, being given to thirty drops, or more, in a Glass of White Port Wine : It is powerful to discusses Griping Pains, and Torments of the Bowels, to facilitate the Birth, and bring away the Dead Child: It eases Convulsions, and heals Wounds in the Body or Bowels.

XXII. The Saline Tincture. It cleanses the Reins and Urinary Paifages, being taken to one dram, or more, in White Wine; but heals not like the Oily TincFure. It digests humors, and provokes Urine; and the Terms in Women.

XXIII. The Distilled Oil of the Seed. It has all the Virtues of the Juice, ElTence,Pouder of the Seed, Deception, Spirituous, Acid, and Oily Tinctures : and therefore may be given from eight drops to fixteen., being first dropt into Sugar, and then mixed with the Distilled Water, or lome other fit Vehicle : It helps the Strangury upon the spot, cleanses the Reins of all Tartarous Matters, and all other the Urinary Parts, provokes the Terms, refills Vapors, and Hysterick Fits, eases the Cholick, produces the Birth, expels watry Humors in Dropsies, and refills the Poison of Mad Dogs, or any other Venomous Creature and cures intolerable Pains of the Stomach proceeding from Cold, Weakness, and other like difaffections.

XXIV. The Potestates or Powers. They have all the Virtues of the oil, and are also more fubtil and penetrating, and more pleasant to be taken, being more easily mixed with Wine, or any other potable Liquor. Dose from two to four drams.

XXV. The Elixir. This is yet more excellent and noble than the Powers, being the Tincture of the Seed or Root extracted by the fublimity of the Potestates; by which you have all the noble parts of the Plant concentrated in one Medicament: and so has all the Virtues of the Juice, Essence, Pouder, Tinctures, Oil, and Potestates, in the highest exaltation. Dole one dram to two drams in a Glass of Wine, Morning and Evening.

XXVI. The fixed Salt. It is strongly Diuretick, strengthens the Stomach, being given in the Acid Tin£ture, mixed with the Distilled Water, or some other fit Vehiculum. Being taken for some time in' White Port Wine, it destroys all Preternatural Acids, in what part of the Body soever, and dif folves the Stone, if it is of a gritty, friable, or brittle substance. The Dose is from a scruple to half a dram, or two scruples, Morning and Evening.

Botanologia, or The English Herbal, was written by William Salmon, M.D., in 1710.