Chap. 115. Of Carrots, Wild.

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I. ^t^ HE Names. It is called in Greek Σταρυλΐν©-X ayeiQ- ·' In Latin, Paftinaca temuifolia Sylvestris, by Mattbiolus, and others Paftinaca Er-tatica, by Pitchfius, Cor ins, and Tabermontanus: Staphylinus Sylvestris, by Tragus and Cefalpinus : Daucus agreftis, by Galen, in iibro de Alimentis, ( and yet truly it is no Daucus: ) Daucus Vulgaris Ojficinarum, by Lobel and Clusius : and in Eng-glijh, Wild Carrot, and Birds-neft.

II. The Kinds. We shall only defcribe two Kinds, viz. I. Paftinaca tcnuifolia Sylvestris Anglic a, The £λ£///2> W7ild Carrot. 2. Paftinaca tennifolia Sylvefir^ Germanica, The German Wild Carrot.

III. The Descriptions. Ήν? fir β of these has a Root, small, long, and hard, and therefore unfit for meat, being somewhat sharp and firong : from this Root rise up Leaves, in a manner altogether like the Garden kinds, but that they are somewhat whiter and rougher, or more hairy, and so are the Stalks likewife, which bear large spiked tufts of white Flowers, with a deep purple Jpot in the middle, pari being hollow and low, the outward Stalks rising higher, all which are so crouded or contrailed together, as makes the whole Vmble fi?ew, when the Seed is ripe, like unto a Birds Nell, for which reason it has been called by some Birds ν eft, not much unlike to the Flowers of the Gingidium verum.

IV. The German Wild Carrot has a white Root, which is often a Foot long, sometimes single, and sometimes divided into two or three parts, net much unlike in Taste and Smell to Parsley Roots, but hotter *n the Mouth for a long time. From this Root rises *P a Stalk half a yard high, as thick as ones little linger at the bottom, being something round, but plainly crefted or cornered, very hairy, and full of joints, at which come forth large crefted Branches of Ringed Leaves, encompastug the Stalk at bottom, a


foot in length, and divided into several Leaves, and they again into other smaller parts, very rough and hairy also, and of a yellowift) green color, from between which Leaves and Stalks at the Joints, come forth other crefted Stalks, and the like Leaves at their Joints, but lesser, which do very much refem-ble our Garden Carrot Leaves, but that they are larger and soft, if one does handle them hard, but rough on the back and edge, being gently touched. From every one almost of these Joints, both of the Stalk and Branches, arises a certain long husk, consisting of fix small long Leaves, close set together, which when it opens, shews forth a small Tuft, or close Vmble of white Flowers, and sometimes yellow-ifh, and a little sweet y after which follows a roundish Seed, two always joined together, and very prickly on the back side, the inner side being fiat, and more yellow than Carrot Seed, otherwise much like to it.

V. The Places. The first grows plentifully in England by the field lides, and in unfilled places, almost every where the other grows in like places in Germany, but with us is sometimes nurled up in Gardens, where it grows very well.

VI. The Times. They flourish and flower in June and July, and the Seed is ripe in August.

VII. 'The Qualities. The Seed and Root are hot and dry in the second Degree : Aperitive, Abfterfive, Discussive, Carminative, Diuretick, Sudorifick, Cephalick, Stomatick, Nephritick, and Hysterick; Alterative, Alexipharmick, and Spermatogeneses

VIII. The Specification. Both Seed and Root are Lithontripticks, and good against the bitings of Venomous Beasts, Wind, and riling of the Mother.

IX. The Preparations. From Seed and Root, lingly, you may have, 1. A Pouder. 2. A Decoction. 3. A Spirituous Tincture. 4. An Acid Tin-Sure. 5. An Oily Tincture. 6. A Saline Tincture. 7. A Spirit. 8. A Fixed Salt.

The Virtues.

X. The Pouder of the Root or Seed. ' It expels Wind, and eases Stitches in the side, provokes Urine and the Terms, and helps to break and expel the Stone. Dole one dram in White Wine.

XI. The Decoction of Root or Seed. If it is made in White Port Wine, it has all the Virtues of the Pouder, and is peculiarly good against the Dropsie, and such whose Bellies are fwoln with Wind. Dole fix or eight ounces, Morning, Noon and Night, it induces the Terms, provokes Lust, and facilitates the Delivery of Women in Labour.

XII. The Spirituous Tincture. It has the Virtues of both Pouder and Decoction, but is a singular thing against the Cholick, and good to help Conception. Dose one spoonful, Morning and Night, in a Glass of generous Wine.

• XIII. The Acid Tincture. It is good against Stone and Gravel in both Reins and Bladder, and is very powerful to refill Vapors and Hysterick firs, as also to cure the bitings and stingings of Venomous Creatures : and Dioscorides faith, it is so power-fill, that if it is taken beforehand, their birings lhall not hurt. Dole sorty or lixty drops in Wine.

XIV. The Oily Tincture. It opens Obstructions of the Reins and Urinary Parts, eases Pans, cures weakneifes of the Back and Loins, provokes Urine, and the Courses. Dose twenty drops.

XV. The Saline Tincture. Outwardly bathed withal, it draws forth the Poison and Maljgnity ot Venomous Creatures, takes away Scurf, Morphew* and Sun-burnings, as also other deformities of the Skin:

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Skin: and being taken inwardly to one dram, it provokes Urine, and prevails against the Dropsie.

XVI. The Spirit. It comforts the Head, Stomach, Heart and Womb, resists Poiibn, and the Plague, expels Wind, and gives ease in Pains and Stitches of the Side. Dose one spoonful.

XVII. The fixed Salt. It provokes Urine powerfully, and expels Sand, Gravel, and other Tartarous matter from the Reins, Ureters and Bladder : it powerfully opens and cleanses, and given from a icruple ro half a dram, or mere, in a spoonful ot Juice of Limons, it stops Vomiting, and admirably strengthens the Stomach.

XVIII. The green Leaves. Dioscorides and Galen both say, that the Leaves being applied with Honey (I suppose in form of a Cataplaim) to running Sores or Ulcers, do cleanse them.

Botanologia, or The English Herbal, was written by William Salmon, M.D., in 1710.