Chap. 114. Of Carrots, Garden.

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CHAP. CX1V. 0/CARROTS, Garden.

Staphylilius Hortenjis, and Paftinaca ienuifolia iiortenfis : In Engltjh, Carrot, and Garden Carrot.

II. The Kinds. Carrots are either Garden or Wild. The Garden, are, \. Paftinaca tenu foliafa-tiva lutea, Yellow Garden Carrots. 2. Paftinaca tcnuifolia altera fativa atro-ruben.r, Red Garden Carrots.

III. The description. The Yellow Carrot has a large long Root, great or thick, and yellow, big above, and small pointed below, without any fangs or Twines, of a pleasant sweet Taste, and therefore generally Jpent for food, from this Root spring forth several long Leaves, and well Jpread, made up of many thin, cut, deep, green Leaves, divided into many parts : among which rises up a round Stalk, a yard, or more, high, bearing large Tufts of Umbles of white flowers, which croud close together, and fpread net much, but turn into small whitijh rough hairy Seed, flicking one to another.

IV. The Red Carrot has a Root round and long, ihit k atferoe and small below, running to a point as tht itb(/\ ani differs from it only in the color, which


V. Kow here is to be noted, 1. Tliat the Telloto Carrot is of two sorts, viz. The long and the short. One of the long sorts is of a pale yellow, and this has the greatest and longelt Root, and likewife the greatest head of Green : this for the most part is the wrorft sort of Carrot, not being so sweet and firm as the other. The other long sort is of a deep Gold yellow color, having a smaller head of Green Leaves upon it, and this is always the belt and sweetelt. Parkinson says, that yellow Carrots, by sometimes fowing themselves, do oftentimes make their Roots become White. The short Roots are also divided into pale and deep yellow, or Golden color. 2. That the red Carrots, befides those which are red ouite throughour, there is another, whose Root is red without for a pretty way inwards, but the middle is yellow.

VI. The Places. They are only Sown in Gardens, or other manured fields, chofen and fitted out for that purpose, and delight to grow in a Sandy and light ground, that their Roots may the more easily pierce deep downwards, which in a stiff clay ground they cannot so well do.

VII. The Times. They are to be sown in March and April, the first year they only ftrike down their Root and the year following they bring forth their Flower and Seed. In Carolina I law a Carrot above four years old, which brought iorth its ripe Seed in the fifth year : The reason thereof I conceive to be, because the Matter of the Houle cut off every year its green Tops, that it might not Seed, whereby the Root grew very great, as also the green head the fifth year, which was four or five times as big as any ordinary Carrot head : This head he let stand for Seed, and it produced him an incredible quantity thereof, very fair, and nearly twice as large as ordinary Carrot Seed.

IX. The Qualities. The Seed is hot and dry in the first Degree, Aperitive, Discussive, Diuretick, Carminative, Stomatick, Nephtitick, Hysterick, and Alterative : The Roots are Sweet, Flatulent, Ana-leptick, and Spermatogenetick.

IX. As to their Specification, Preparations and Virtues, they are the same with those of the Wild Carrot, treated of in the next Chapter, to which we refer you; but with this note, that these Garden Kinds are nothing near so strong and powerful as those of the Wild Kinds, the Seeds of both being chiefly used in Medicine : As for the Roots, the Garden Kind a thoufand fold exceed the Wild for Food, not only for the pleasure of Fating them, but also for their Analeptick or nourishing faculty,

Botanologia, or The English Herbal, was written by William Salmon, M.D., in 1710.