91. Piper longum.—Long pepper.
91. PIPER LONGUM.—LONG PEPPER. The fruit of Pi'per lon'gum Linné, and of Pi'per officina'rum De Candolle. Habitat: Southeastern Asia. It consists of cylindrical spikes of the fruits, 25 mm. (1 in.) or more in length; in the market they are of an earthy, grayish-white appearance, but exhibit their deep reddish-brown color when washed. The individual berries are ovoid, about 2.5 mm. (1/10 in.) long, with a nipple-like point at the apex and a bract at the base; they are arranged spirally on the axis. Medical properties same as those of black pepper, but they are inferior and seldom used.