117-120 The great Burdock, Dead or spotted Arsmart, Sharp Arsmart, Buckshorn.

117 Great Burdock. 117c Great Burdock. 117. The great Burdock. Bardana major. Lappa major.

1. The stalks grow to be two Foot high, the Leaves are white & hoary underneth, and a deep grass Green above, and the Flowers are Purple.
2. It grows by Way,sides and flowers in Iune and Iuly.
3. The Roots are sudorific and alexipharmic, good in malignant evers, & are therefore used in the Aq. Theriacalis.
They are accounted good against the Gout and Pains in ye Limbs.
The Leaves boild in Milk and applied as a Cataplasm are by some used for the same Distemper; as also for Burns and Inflammations, and are one of the Ingredients of the Unguent Populneum.
The Common People apply them often to ye Feet & Wrists in Fevers.
The Seed powder'd and given in white Wine is good to provoke Urine, and helps Fits of the Stone.
4. Greek, Αρκέιον. Latin, Bardana, Personata or Lappa major. Spanish, Bardana. Italian, Lappola maggiore. French, Gloteron or Bardana. German, Gross Pletten. Dutch, Klitsen.

118 Dead Arsmart. 118c Dead Arsmart. 118. Dead or spotted Arsmart. Persicaria maculata or maculosa.

1. It grows to be two Foot high, the Leaves are a deep Green with a spot in ye middle in shape like a half Moon, and the Flowers are a pale Red.
2. It grows in moist Places by Ponds and Ditches and flowers in Iuly.
3. The Leaves are esteem'd by some of a cooling Nature, good against hot Tumors, Inflammations, Imposthumes and green Wounds.
4. Greek, Υδροπέπερι. Latin, Persicaria maculosa. Spanish, Hierva pexeguiera. Italian, Persicaria maggiore. French, Curage. German, Schmerken. Dutch, Persich-kruyd.

119 Sharp Arsmart. 119c Sharp Arsmart. 119. Sharp Arsmart or Water Pepper. Hydropiper.

1. This Plant grows to the same height as the former; the Leaves are lighter and want the spot in the dead Arsmart, and the Flowers are a paler Red.
2. It grows in the same Places as the other, and flowers at the same time.
3. The great Mr. Boyle, in his Book of the Usefulness of Experimental Phylosophy, recommends the distill'd Water of this Plant as a good Remedy againt the Stone. It is commended also as very cleansing, and good for old stubborn Ulcers.
4. Greek, Υδροπέπερι. Latin, Hydropiper, and Persicaria maculata. Spanish, Hierva manchas. Italian, Pepe aquatico and Persicaria. French, Curage. German, Basserpfeffer. Dutch, Persich-kruyd.

120 Buckshorn. 120c Buckshorn. 120. Buckshorn or Swines Cresses. Coronopus Ruellii.

Also see #023, Cress. - #120, Buckshorn.

1. The lower Leaves of this Plant lie on the Ground, and are in shape and colour like the Garden Cresses, the Flowers are White.
2. It grows by Way-sides and flowers great part of the Summer.
3. In the West Country this is much used as a Sallad, both raw and boiled, for its great Usefulness in the Stone and Gravel; and several Gardners about London cultivate it in their Gardens for this End, being a great diuretic.
4. Greek, . Latin, Coronopus Ruellii, recta or repens Ruellii. Spanish, . Italian, . French, . German, . Dutch, .

A Curious Herbal, Containing Five Hundred Cuts of the Most Useful Plants, Which Are Now Used in the Practice of Physick was written, drawn, engraved and coloured by Elizabeth Blackwell in 1737 (Vol. 1) and 1739 (Vol. 2).