Red Sage.

Botanical name: 

Also see Red Sage - Sage of Vitue - Wood Sage.

Salvia hortensis.

The common sage of our gardens. It is a kind of shrubby plant, a foot or two high, and full of branches The stem is tough, hard, woody, and covered with a brown rough bark; the smaller branches are reddish, the leaves are oblong and broad; they stand on long foot stalks, and are of a singular rough surface, and of a reddish colour. The flowers grow on stalks that rise only at that season of the year, and stand up a great deal above the rest of the surface of the plant; they are large and blue, and are of the figure of the dead nettle flowers, only they gape vastly more. The whole plant has a pleasant smell. The leaves and tops are used, and they are best fresh; the common way of taking them is in infusion, or in form of what is called sage tea, is better than any other: they are a cordial, and good against all diseases of the nerves: they promote perspiration, and throw any thing out which ought to appear upon the skin. The juice of sage works by urine, and promotes the menses.

The Family Herbal, 1812, was written by John Hill.