Pharmaceutical Preparations of the Mexican Pharmacopoeia. Part 3.
Related entries: M. Ph. Materia Medica: part 1 - part 2 - part 3 - part 4 - part 5 - part 6 - part 7 - part 8 -
Related entries: M. Ph. Pharmaceutical preparations part 1 - part 2 - part 3 - part 4.
Other tomes: King's (mat.med.) - King's (preparations)
BY THE EDITOR.
Harinas emolientes, Farinae emollientes.—Powdered flaxseed and mallow herb, equal parts.
Hidralcohol aromático, Hydralcohol aromaticus.—Digest for ten days aromatic species 100, alcohol (85 per cent.) 200, water 800, Cologne water, 50, express and filter. A substitute for aromatic wine.
Inyeccion con Subnitrato de Bismuto, Injectio cum Subnitrate bismuto muthico.—Bismuth subnitrate 15, gum arabic 10, water 100.
Inyeccion con Tanino, Injectio cum Tannins.—Tannio 1, water 100.
Inyecciones subcutáneas.—Full instructions are given for applying hypodermic injections; the dose is stated to be for aconitine 0.5 to 2 mgm.; veratrine 0.5 to 1 mgm.; colchicine, 2 mgm.; digitalin 1 to 3 mgm. The formulas direct the solutions to be made from 1 part of morphine hydrochlorate or sulphate, atropine sulphate or strychnine sulphate in 100 parts of water. The, injection of quinine sulphate is made in the proportion of 1:10 with the aid of a little sulphuric acid. The injection of ergot is made from the aqueous extract, by precipitating with strong alcohol, decolorizing the filtrate by means of animal charcoal, evaporating the alcohol, and adding water to make the weight equal to that of the ergot used; the solution is preserved by dissolving in 100 gm. of it 0.15 gm. of salicylic acid.
Jabon animal, animal soap, is the soda soap of ox-marrow, and Jabon medicinal the soda soap of sesame oil; the latter is intended for internal use in the dose of 0.5 to 4.0 gm.
The syrups with the exception of those containing alcohol or acidulous juices, have at 15°C. a density ranging from 1.261 to 1.321. The following differ more or less from the syrups ordered by other authorities.
Jarabe atemperante (temperante), Syrupus temperans.—Equal parts of the syrups of red poppy petals and of lemon juice.
Jarabe balsámico, Syrupus de Balsamo tolutano.—Dissolve tolu 60, in alcohol 50, and impregnate with this solution cotton 17; then mix intimately with cotton 33, loosen the cotton by picking, and expose to the air until the alcohol has been evaporated; now digest for two hours in water 500, express and again digest in the same quantity of water; mix the infusions, filter after cooling, and in every 100 parts of the filtrate dissolve 190 parts of sugar.
The syrups of benzoin and of storax are prepared in the same manner.
Jarabe de Belladona, Syrupus de Belladonna is one-half the strength of that of the French Codex and is made with tincture of belladonna 75 and simple syrup 1925.
Jarabe de Acónito is four times stronger than the French preparation, and is made by mixing tincture of fresh aconite leaves 100 and simple syrup 900.
Jarabe de Cuautecomate, Syrupus de fructibus Crescentiae alatae.—Pulp of the fruit 100, water 300; macerate for twelve hours with frequent agitation, express, strain and boil with sugar 500 until the boiling syrup has a density of 30°B.
Jarabe de extracto de Opio, Syrupus cum extracte Opii, contains in 1,000 parts, 2 parts of extract of opium, and is just four times stronger than the Jarabe diacodion.
The fruit syrups of quince, pomegranate, lemon, mulberry, blackberry, pineapple and of Bromelia Pinguin are prepared by dissolving sugar 1750 in 1,000 parts of the clarified juice.
Jarabe de Narceina, Syrupus cum Narceinâ—Narceine 1, water (containing 0.6 gm. of hydrochloric acid sp. gr. 1.16) 100, distilled water 250, sugar 650; dissolve.
Jarabe depurativo de Chavert, Syrupus depurans ex Chavert.—Boil sarsaparilla 180 and China root 60 with water 4000, suspending in the liquid powdered black antimony 60, enclosed in a piece of linen; when the liquid has been reduced to 1,500 macerate it with orris root 60, round aristolochia root 60 and senna 120, strain, add sugar 2,000 and honey 2,000, form a syrup and mix with the tincture prepared from jalap 30, sassafras bark 60 and alcohol (60 per cent.) 375.
Leche para niños, Potio Rosarum composita.—Rose water 120, magnesia 2, powdered soap 0.006, syrup of orange peel 15; mix. As an antacid for babies in doses of a spoonful.
Leche virginal, Tinctura de Benzoino composita.—Benzoin 120, Ceylon cinnamon 30, cloves 30, mace 30, alcohol (80 per cent.) 2,000; macerate for 8 days, add balsam of Peru 30, again macerate for 8 days and filter. Used as a cosmetic, a little of the tincture added to water forming a milky mixture.
The fixed oil directed for the various liniments is sesame oil. The following may be mentioned:
Linimento de Cloral, Linimentum cum Chloralo.—Powdered chloral hydrate 6, sesame oil 30; dissolve with trituration and by the aid of a moderate heat.
Linimento de Jabon (de Goulard), Linimentum Saponis ex Goulard.—White animal soap 500, water 2,000; dissolve by means of a gentle beat, stir well while cooling and incorporate with it a mixture made of sesame oil 250 and subacetate of lead 120.
Oleosacaruros, Oleosaccharureta, are made from 1 part of volatile oil and 72 parts of sugar.
Opiata de Copaiba compuesta, Opiatum Copaibae compositum.—Mix equal weights of copaiba, powdered catechu and powdered cubeb.
Pastillas de Cuautecomate, Pastilli de fructibus Crescentiae alatae, Aqueous extract of the pulp of Crescentia alata 50, gum arabic 50, sugar 200. Each lozenge is to weigh 1 gm.
Pildoras de Boncio, Pilulae ex Bontius.—Barbadoes aloes, gamboge and ammoniac, of each 10 gm., white vinegar 60 gm.; heat gently, strain the liquid, evaporate to a pilular consistence and form into 150 pills.
Pildoras pacíficas, Pilulae Opii compositae pacificae.—Powdered opium 30, nutmeg 6, saffron 6, benzoic acid 4, oil of fennel 0.006, oil of nutmeg 0.006, honey 20; make into 1,344 pills, each of which contains approximately 0.022 gm. of opium.
Polvo de contrayerba compuesto, Pulvis Dorsteniae compositus.—Powdered contrayerva root 60, root of Dictamnus albus 60, mistletoe 60, calcium phosphate 104, hydrated ferric oxide 3; mix. Recommended in various nervous affections; dose 0.6 to 4.0 gm.
Polvo de Jalapa compuesto, Pulvis Jalapae compositus.—Jalap Root 34, jalap resin 4, scammony 4, potassium nitrate 12, potassium sulphate 12, oil of anise 0.013; mix. Dose 1 to 4 gm.
Polvo de Rosa compuesto, Pulvis Rosae compositus.—Rose petals 125, linaloe 45, cinnamon 15, cloves 15; mix. Used as a tonic application to ulcers.
Polvo dentrífico de Comoto, Dentifricium ex Comoto.—Cream of tartar 25, cochineal 50; mix the powders, moisten the mixture with sufficient water to form a paste, dry, reduce to a fine powder and mix with powdered cloves 6 and calcium phosphate 150.
Polvo galactóforo, Pulvis Foeniculi compositus.—Powdered fennel 125, sugar 125, calcium phosphate 375, origanum 125, hydrated oxide of iron 5; mix. Dose 4 to 15 gm.
Pomada de Cloral, Pomatum cum Chloralo.—Chloral hydrate 6, lard 30; dissolve in a wide mouth vial with the aid of heat.
Pomada de Sulfato de quinina, Pomatum cum Sulfate quinico.—Quinine sulphate 3, tartaric acid 2, water 4; dissolve and mix with benzoinated lard 30.
Pomada de Toronjil, Pomatum cum oleo volatile Cedronellae mexicanae.—Oil of cedronella 15, lard 500. As a cosmetic for the hair.
The American Journal of Pharmacy, Vol. 57, 1885, was edited by John M. Maisch.