065-068 Female Piony, great Blew Bottle, May-Weed, Treacle Mustard.
65. The Female Piony. Paeonia faemina.
1. It grows 2 or 3 foot high, ye Leaves are a grass Green, & the Flowers a fine Crimson.
2. It is cultivated in Gardens, and flowers in April and May.
3. This Plant generally supplies the Place of ye Male Piony; and is accounted good for the Epilepsy, Apoplexy, and all kinds of Convulsions and nervous affections, both in young & old. Some recommend it in histeric Cases, the Obstructions of ye Menses, and ye Retention of the Lochia. The Root and Seed are hung about Children's Necks to prevent Convulsions in breeding their Teeth.
4. Greek, Γλυκυσίδη or Παιονία θηλεία. Latin, Paeonia faemina. Spanish, Rosa del monte, or Rosa albardeira. Italian, Peonia. French, Pivoine, or Pynoine. German, Peonien. Dutch, -.
66. The great Blew-bottle. Cyanus major.
Also see #066, great Blew-bottle - #093, Great Centory.
1. It grows 18 Inches high, the Leaves are a deep Green on the Inside, and a light Green on the Backside; the Flowers are a full blue.
2. It grows in Gardens and Flowers in Iune.
3. This is reckoned among the vulnerary Plants, the Juice being commended against Bruises and Contusions which come of Falls, though a Vein be broken, and the Party spit Blood; as also to heal any Cut or green Wound.
4. Greek, Κύανος. Latin, Cyanus major. Spanish, -. Italian, Fior Campese, fior Aliso, & Battisuocero. French, -. German, Cornblum. Dutch, Groote blommen.
67. May-Weed, or foetid Camomile. Cotula foetida.
1. It grows about a foot high, the Leaves are a dark Green, and the Flowers white with a yellow Thrum in the middle.
2. It grows amongst the Corn, and on Banks, and waste Places, and Flowers for several Months in the Summer.
3. Some Authors commend this Plant as good against Vapours and Hysteric Fits. Mr. Ray says, It was sometimes used in Scrophylous Cases. Tournefort says, That about Paris they use it in Fomentations for Pains and Swellings of Haemorrhagies.
4. Greek, Ανθεμις, and Ανθεμον. Latin, Cotula faetida & Chamaemelum faetidum. Spanish, Manzanilla. Italian, Camamilla. French, Camenima or Camomille. German, Camillen. Dutch, Stinkende Camille.
(Henriette's comment: treacle mustard is Erysimum cheiranthoides, with yellow flowers. Mithridate mustard is Thlaspi arvense, with white flowers, and that is the plant in the image.)
1. This Plant grows to be a foot high, the Leaves are a grass Green, and the Flowers are white.
2. It grows in Corn-fields in Essex, and Flowers in May.
3. It is hot and dry, and somewhat diuretic; and is esteemed good to provoke Urine and to help the Dropsy, Gout, Sciatica, and forward the Menstrual Evacuations. The Seed of this Plant is what ought to be used in the Theriaca & Mithridate, but being scarcely to be had the Seed of the Mithridate Mustard, or Thlaspi vulgatissimum, may be used as a Succedaneum for it.
4. Greek, Θλασπι. Latin, Thlaspi. Spanish, Paniqueso de flor blanco. Italian, Thlaspi. French, Seneve Sauvage. German, Besencraut. Dutch, Boeren-kersse.
A Curious Herbal, Containing Five Hundred Cuts of the Most Useful Plants, Which Are Now Used in the Practice of Physick was written, drawn, engraved and coloured by Elizabeth Blackwell in 1737 (Vol. 1) and 1739 (Vol. 2).