085-088 Clove July-Flowers, Water Betony, Great Fig-Wort, Lettice.
85. Clove July-Flowers. Caryophyllus ruber.
1. The Stalks and Leaves are a light willow Green and the Flowers a fine Red.
2. They are cultivated in Gardens, and flower in July.
3. The Flowers are cordial, cephalic, and of use in all Diseases of the Head and Nerves.
They are used in Fevers and other malignant Distempers, and in Faintings and Palpitations of the Heart.
Officinal Preparations are, a Syrup and a Conserve of the Flowers.
4. Greek, Καρυόφυλλον. Latin, Caryophyllus ruber, or tunica velonica. Spanish, -. Italian, Garofoni. French, Ouilletz, or Girosfloes. German, Grassblum. Dutch, -.
86. Water Betony or Figwort. Scrophularia aquatica.
1. This has larger and taller Stalks than the other Figwort, but less branch'd and larger Leaves, growing on loger foot Stalks. the Leaves and Stalks of this are a Duller Green but the Flowers a brighter Red.
2. It grows by watery Places and Ditches, and flowers in June.
3. It is esteemed good for Pain and Swelling of the Haemorrhoides or Piles, and is accounted by some detersive and vulneary, an good against the Itch.
4. Greek, -. Latin, Scrophularia aquatica. Spanish, -. Italian, Scrofolaria. French, Scrolaire. German, Wurmcraut. Dutch, Speenkruyd.
This Creature was found by the Side of a Ditch in the middle of June, and since it has lived Sometimes in water and Sometimes in Earth. It eats Herbs and small worms. Some think it is a Species of the Squillae.
87. Great Fig-Wort. Scrophularia Major.
1. The Stalks grow to be a Yard high, the Leaves are a grass Green and the Flowers are a red Purple.
2. It grows in Hedges and Thickets, and flowers in June.
3. This Plant from the Signature of its Root is accounted good for Scrophylous Tumors or the Kings Evil in any Part of the Body, as also for the Pain and Swelling of the Haemorrhoides, either used inwardly or outwardly; it is likewise used for cancerous stubborn Ulcers.
4. Greek, -. Latin, Scrophularia Major or nososo foetida. Spanish, -. Italian, Scrofolaria. French, grande Scrolaire. German, Beisse Rachtschatt. Dutch, Groot Speenkruyd.
This Caterpillar is common to both Figworts, more than any other Plant.
1. The Stalks grow to be two or three foot high, the Leaves are a light Green and the Flowers Yellow.
2. It is sown in Gardens, and flowers according to the Months it is sown in.
3. Lettice is generally the Principal Ingredient in Sallets, being grateful to the Stomach, allaying Heat, quenching Thirst, and tempers the Sharpness of Humors in the Body; it provokes Urine, and increases Milk in Nurses.
The Seed is one of the four smaller cold Seeds.
4. Greek, Φριδαξ. Latin, Lactuca. Spanish, Lechuga. Italian, Lattuca. French, Laictue. German, Lattich. Dutch, Salade.
A Curious Herbal, Containing Five Hundred Cuts of the Most Useful Plants, Which Are Now Used in the Practice of Physick was written, drawn, engraved and coloured by Elizabeth Blackwell in 1737 (Vol. 1) and 1739 (Vol. 2).