105-108 Almond Tree, Marygolds, Night-Shade, Wild Cucumber.
105. The Almond Tree. Amygdalus.
Also see #101, Peach Tree - #105, Almond Tree
1. This Tree resembles that of the Peach in the Leaves and Blossomes; on only the Blossomes in this are paler.
2. The Almond Tree is a Native of Spain and Barbary, it flowers early in ye Spring and the Fruit is ripe in August.
3. The Oil of the Sweet is good in Affections of the Lungs, Stone Gravel Collic.
It is good for Women to take freely of it before they Expect their Delivery; and of great Service to purge Children mixed with any opening Syrup. The Bitter are used as a Cosmetic, being cleansing and beautifying. The Oil dropt into the Ears is good for Deafness, & is frequently put among Anodine Liniments. The Officinal Preparations are the Expressed OIls.
4. Greek, Αμώγδαλος. Latin, Amygdalus, amara & dulcis - sativa. Spanish, Almendras. Italian, Mandrole. French, Amandes. German, Mandelbaum. Dutch, Amandelboom.
1. The Leaves are a light Green and the Flowers Yellow.
2. It grows in Gardens, and flowers great part of the Summer.
3. The Leaves and Flowers are accounted Cordial, Alexipharnice, good in all kinds of Feavers; they promote sweat and are frequently used to drive out the small Pox and Measles. Some commend them for the Jaundice, sore Inflamed Eyes, and Warts.
4. Greek, . Latin, Calendula, simplice flore - maxima. Caltha vulgaris. Spanish, . Italian, Fior Rancio. French, Poussy. German, Ringel-blum. Dutch, Boudsbloem.
107. Night-Shade. Solanum hortense.
Also see #034, Woody Night-Shade - #107, Night-Shade
1. It grows to be 2 foot high, the Leaves are a grass Green, and the Flowers White with a Yellow Umba in the Middle.
2. It grows by High Ways, and among Rubbish, and Flowers in August.
3. The Flowers and Leaves are used, and esteem'd cooling, good for all kinds of Inflammations and hot Swellings, the Shingles and other cuticular Eruption: as also for Burns and Scalds.
This is the Solanum that should be put in the Unguentum Populeon; but the Herb-folks sell the Solanum lignosum (Henriette's comment: Solanum dulcamara) in it stead, which is of a contrary Nature; therefore it is better to use the Solanum lethale (Henriette's comment: Atropa belladonna) which is to be had at the same time, and agrees better with ye other Ingredients.
4. Greek, Ετρύχνος κηπαίος. Latin, Solanum hortense - vulgare. Spanish, Yerva mora. Italian, Salatro or Herba morella. French, Morelle. German, Nachtschatt. Dutch, Nachtschadt.
108. Wild Cucumber. Cucumis agrestis, - asininus
1. The Stalk of this Plant creep on the Ground; the Leaves are alight Green and the Flowers Yellow.
2. It is sown in Gardens here, and flower in July.
3. This is a Strong Cathartic, carrying of serous watery Humours both upwards and downwards, with great Violence; whence it is of great Use in the Dropsy when ye Bowels are not decayed; it forcibly brings down the Catamena, and even destroys the Foetus in teh Womb, & is therefore only fit to be administre by a very skilful Hand.
4. Greek, Είκος άγριος. Latin, Cucumis agrestris - sylvestris - asininus. Spanish, Cogombrillos amargos. Italian, Cocomero salvatico. French, Cocombre sauvage. German, Bilder Cucumer. Dutch, Foels Comcommer.
A Curious Herbal, Containing Five Hundred Cuts of the Most Useful Plants, Which Are Now Used in the Practice of Physick was written, drawn, engraved and coloured by Elizabeth Blackwell in 1737 (Vol. 1) and 1739 (Vol. 2).