073-076 White Rose, White Hellebore, White Dittany, Cross-wort.
73. The White Rose. Rosa alba.
Also see #008, Wild Rose. - #073, White Rose. - #078, Red Rose. - #082, Damask Rose.
1. This Tree grows taller than most other kinds of Roses, having fewer Prickles on ye Branches and those pretty large; the Leves are a ark Green, and the Flowers white.
2. It grows in Gardens, and flowers in June.
3. The Flowers are esteemed drying, binding and cooling.
The Water distilled from them is much used in Collyriums for sore inflam'd Eyes.
The Officinal Preparation is the Distilled Water.
4. Greek, Ροδόν λεύκη. Latin, Rosa alba. Spanish, Rosas blancos. Italian, Rosa bianca. French, Roses. German, Rosen. Dutch, Witte Roos.
74. White Hellebore. Elleborum or Veratrum album.
1. The Stalks grow to be 2, or 3 foot high; the Leaves are a bright Green; and the Flowers a dull Green, or a dark Purple.
2. It grows in the mountainous Parts of Swisserland, Austria and Stiria; with us it is planted in Gardens, and flowers in June.
3. The Roots are a strong Cathartic and purges with great Violence; for which reasons it is but seldom given inwardly.
The Powder of the Roots cause violent sneesing when snuffed up the Nostrils, and is rarely used without milder Ingredients.
This Plant, outwardly applyed, is of great service in all Distempers of the Skin, as Tetters, Scabs, Itch & c.
The Officinal Preparation os the Electuarium ex Helleboro.
4. Greek, Ελλέβορος λεύκος. Latin, Elleborum album. Spanish, Verde gambie blanco. Italian, Elleboro bianco. French, Veraire, or Ellebore blanc. German, Weeiss Niesswurt. Dutch, Nieswortel.
75. White Dittany or Fraxinella. Dictamnus albus or Fraxinella.
1. It grows to be 2 foot high, the Leaves are a dark Green, and ye Flowers red, & sometimes white.
2. It grows wild in several Places of France & Germany, but is planted here in Gardens, & flowers in June & July.
3. The Roots are esteem'd cordial and cephalic, good to resist Putrefaction and Poison, and useful in malignant and pestilential Distempers.
It is accounted good for Epilepsies & other Disorders of ye Head, Opening Obstructions of ye Womb, & procuring ye Menses. The Preparations are teh Ag. Antepileptic, Theriacal, Pulv. Liberans, Empl. Stipticum, Paracels.
4. Greek, Χαμαιμέλειον. Officin. Latin, Dictamnus albus, or Fraxinella. Spanish, Dittamo blanco. Italian, Dittamo bianco. French, Dystam basturde. German, Gemeiner Diptam. Dutch, Fraxinella.
1. It grows to be a foot high, the Leaves are a light Green, and ye flowers Yellow.
2. It grows in Hedges and the Borders of Fields, but is rarely to be met with about London, except in Mr. Brooke's Grounds at Hampstead, it grew formerly in great plenty in Hampstead Church yeard, but they have dug it up. It flowersi n June.
3. It is reckon'd among the vulnerary Plants, being of a drying & binding Nature, & is particularly commended for ye swelling of ye Scrotum, w'ch is caused by ye falling down of the Intestines into it.
4. Greek, Έριγιεων. Hadrianus Junius. Latin, Cruciata. Spanish, -. Italian, -. French, -. German, -. Dutch, -.
A Curious Herbal, Containing Five Hundred Cuts of the Most Useful Plants, Which Are Now Used in the Practice of Physick was written, drawn, engraved and coloured by Elizabeth Blackwell in 1737 (Vol. 1) and 1739 (Vol. 2).